Table of Contents
International Journal of Metals
Volume 2013, Article ID 878032, 14 pages
Research Article

A Preliminary Study on Adhesion on Steel Cylinder Filled with Aluminum Foam

1Politecnico di Bari, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Matematica e Management (DMMM), Viale Japigia 126, 70126 Bari, Italy
2ITIA CNR, Institute of Industrial Technology and Automation, National Research Council, Via Paolo Lembo 38F, 70124 Bari, Italy

Received 2 May 2013; Revised 4 October 2013; Accepted 18 October 2013

Academic Editor: Luca Tomesani

Copyright © 2013 G. Marinzuli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In the last decades, metallic foams found commercial and industrial interests, thanks to their physical properties combined with good mechanical characteristics. Metal foam structures are very light and they can be used to reduce the weight of machinery without compromising the mechanical behavior. In this work, a study of the direct junction of metal foam with metal massive components was carried out. Aluminium foams were manufactured starting from commercial foamable precursors. First of all, attention was paid to the repeatability of foaming process. Then, a direct connection between the foamed samples and the steel shell elements was pursued. The materials that seemed to facilitate the formation of an intermetallic layer were studied and the geometry of the steel mould and the most useful way to place the precursor in the steel mould and then in the furnace were considered. To evaluate the produced aluminum foam, morphological and mechanical characterizations were done. Results showed that, keeping constant the contour conditions, it was possible to control the process and a first result, in terms of interaction between foam and mould, was obtained using an X210Cr12 steel as mould material. The SEM observation revealed the presence of an intermetallic phase.