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International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2010, Article ID 917075, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/917075
Review Article

The Modulation of Adaptive Immune Responses by Bacterial Zwitterionic Polysaccharides

1Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
2Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology, and Hygiene, Medical Centre, University of Cologne, Goldenfelsstraße 19-21, 50935 Cologne, Germany
3Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelisches Krankenhaus, Weyertal, 50931 Cologne, Germany
4MVZ Dr. Stein + Kollegen, Wallstraße 10, 41061 Moenchengladbach, Germany

Received 17 June 2010; Revised 15 September 2010; Accepted 5 October 2010

Academic Editor: Charlene Kahler

Copyright © 2010 Tom Li Stephen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [10 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Johannes Trueck, Rajeka Lazarus, Elizabeth A. Clutterbuck, Jaclyn Bowman, Elizabeth Kibwana, Elizabeth A. L. Bateman, and Andrew J. Pollard, “The zwitterionic type I Streptococcus pneumoniae polysaccharide does not induce memory B cell formation in humans,” Immunobiology, vol. 218, no. 3, pp. 368–372, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Pamela A. Nieto, Sebastián A. Riquelme, Claudia A. Riedel, Alexis M. Kalergis, and Susan M. Bueno, “Gene elements that regulate streptococcus pneumoniae virulence and immunity evasion,” Current Gene Therapy, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 51–64, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • N.L. Rash, C. Robinson, N. DeSouza, S. Nair, H. Hodgson, K. Steward, A.S. Waller, and R. Paillot, “Prevalence and disease associations of superantigens szeF, szeN and szeP in the S. zooepidemicus population and possible functional redundancy of szeF.,” Research in Veterinary Science, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • B. Schumann, R. Pragani, C. Anish, C. L. Pereira, and P. H. Seeberger, “Synthesis of conjugation-ready zwitterionic oligosaccharides by chemoselective thioglycoside activation,” Chemical Science, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 1992, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • C. Preston Neff, Matthew E. Rhodes, Kathleen L. Arnolds, Colm B. Collins, Jody Donnelly, Nichole Nusbacher, Paul Jedlicka, Jennifer M. Schneider, Martin D. McCarter, Michael Shaffer, Sarkis K. Mazmanian, Brent E. Palmer, and Catherine A. Lozupone, “Diverse Intestinal Bacteria Contain Putative Zwitterionic Capsular Polysaccharides with Anti-inflammatory Properties,” Cell Host & Microbe, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lina Sun, Dustin R Middleton, Paeton L Wantuch, Ahmet Ozdilek, and Fikri Y Avci, “Carbohydrates as T-cell antigens with implications in health and disease,” Glycobiology, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • J. Rojo, A. Sousa-Herves, and A. Mascaraque, “Perspectives of Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery,” Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • C. Watters, D. Fleming, D. Bishop, and K.P. Rumbaugh, “Host Responses to Biofilm,” 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Silvia Moreno-Mendieta, Daniel Guillén, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Sergio Sánchez, and Romina Rodríguez-Sanoja, “Potential of glucans as vaccine adjuvants: A review of the α-glucans case,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar