Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2017, Article ID 5798161, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5798161
Research Article

Antibiotic Resistant Bacterial Isolates from Captive Green Turtles and In Vitro Sensitivity to Bacteriophages

1College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, 1 Solander Drive, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
2Ausphage, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Alessandro Delli Paoli Carini; ua.ude.ucj.ym@iniraciloapilled.ordnassela

Received 2 March 2017; Accepted 16 August 2017; Published 24 September 2017

Academic Editor: Karl Drlica

Copyright © 2017 Alessandro Delli Paoli Carini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. N. Al-Bahry, M. A. Al-Zadjali, I. Y. Mahmoud, and A. E. Elshafie, “Biomonitoring marine habitats in reference to antibiotic resistant bacteria and ampicillin resistance determinants from oviductal fluid of the nesting green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas,” Chemosphere, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 1308–1315, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Davies and D. Davies, “Origins and evolution of antibiotic resistance,” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 417–433, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. M. McPhearson, A. DePaola, S. R. Zywno, M. L. Motes Jr., and A. M. Guarino, “Antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from cultured catfish and aquaculture ponds,” Aquaculture, vol. 99, no. 3-4, pp. 203–211, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Baquero, J.-L. Martínez, and R. Cantón, “Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in water environments,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 260–265, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. D. Costanzo, J. Murby, and J. Bates, “Ecosystem response to antibiotics entering the aquatic environment,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 51, no. 1-4, pp. 218–223, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Nakai and S. C. Park, “Bacteriophage therapy of infectious diseases in aquaculture,” Research in Microbiology, vol. 153, no. 1, pp. 13–18, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. S. Glazebrook and R. S. F. Campbell, “A survey of the diseases of marine turtles in northern Australia. I. Farmed turtles,” Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 83–95, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Orós, M. Camacho, P. Calabuig, and A. Arencibia, “Salt gland adenitis as only cause of stranding of loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta,” Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 163–166, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. CLSI, Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria That Grow Aerobically, Ninth edition, 2013.
  10. A. Alfaro, “Synopsis of infections in sea turtles caused by virus, bacteria and parasites: An ecological review,” in NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS SEFSC, p. 569, bacteria and parasites, An ecological review, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Alonso Aguirre, G. H. Balazs, B. Zimmerman, and F. D. Galey, “Organic contaminants and trace metals in the tissues of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) afflicted with fibropapillomas in the Hawaiian islands,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 109–114, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Santoro, G. Hernández, M. Caballero, and F. García, “Aerobic bacterial flora of nesting green turtles (Chelonia mydas) from Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica,” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 549–552, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. Henriques Normark and S. Normark, “Evolution and spread of antibiotic resistance,” Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 252, no. 2, pp. 91–106, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Al-Bahry, I. Mahmoud, A. Elshafie et al., “Bacterial flora and antibiotic resistance from eggs of green turtles Chelonia mydas: An indication of polluted effluents,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 720–725, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Foti, C. Giacopello, T. Bottari, V. Fisichella, D. Rinaldo, and C. Mammina, “Antibiotic Resistance of Gram Negatives isolates from loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the central Mediterranean Sea,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 1363–1366, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Chelossi, L. Vezzulli, A. Milano et al., “Antibiotic resistance of benthic bacteria in fish-farm and control sediments of the Western Mediterranean,” Aquaculture, vol. 219, no. 1-4, pp. 83–97, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Piñera-pasquino, Patterns of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria Isolated from Marine Turtles, 2006.
  18. O. L. Akinbowale, H. Peng, and M. D. Barton, “Antimicrobial resistance in bacteria isolated from aquaculture sources in Australia,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1103–1113, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Shaban, M. Cruickshank, and K. Christiansen, National surveillance and reporting of antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic usage for human health in Australia, Antimicrobial Resistance Standing Committee, Canberra, Australia, 2013.
  20. F. Adachi, A. Yamamoto, K.-I. Takakura, and R. Kawahara, “Occurrence of fluoroquinolones and fluoroquinolone-resistance genes in the aquatic environment,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 444, pp. 508–514, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. Cattoir, L. Poirel, D. Mazel, C.-J. Soussy, and P. Nordmann, “Vibrio splendidus as the source of plasmid-mediated QnrS-like quinolone resistance determinants [1],” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 2650-2651, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. E. Seyfried, R. J. Newton, K. F. Rubert IV, J. A. Pedersen, and K. D. McMahon, “Occurrence of tetracycline resistance genes in aquaculture facilities with varying use of oxytetracycline,” Microbial Ecology, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 799–807, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Saha, P. B. Savage, and M. Bal, “Enhancement of the efficacy of erythromycin in multiple antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacterial pathogens,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 822–828, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. A. Daniels, L. Mackinnon, R. Bishop et al., “Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections in the United States, 1973-1998,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 181, no. 5, pp. 1661–1666, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Austin and X. H. Zhang, “Vibrio harveyi: a significant pathogen of marine vertebrates and invertebrates,” Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 119–124, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. A. Zavala-Norzagaray, A. A. Aguirre, J. Velazquez-Roman et al., “Isolation, characterization, and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio spp. in sea turtles from northwestern Mexico,” Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 6, article no. 635, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. C. Arena, C. Warwick, and C. Steedman, “Welfare and environmental implications of farmed sea turtles,” Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 309–330, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Fichi, G. Cardeti, A. Cersini et al., “Bacterial and viral pathogens detected in sea turtles stranded along the coast of Tuscany, Italy,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 185, pp. 56–61, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Orós, A. Torrent, P. Calabuig, and S. Déniz, “Diseases and causes of mortality among sea turtles stranded in the Canary Islands, Spain (1998–2001),” Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 13–24, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Hatha, A. A. Vivekanandhan, G. Julie Joice, and Christol, “Antibiotic resistance pattern of motile aeromonads from farm raised fresh water fish,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 131–134, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. W. Jun, T. H. Shin, J. H. Kim et al., “Bacteriophage therapy of a Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection caused by a multiple-antibiotic-resistant O3:K6 pandemic clinical strain,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 210, no. 1, pp. 72–78, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. Oliveira, F. Castilho, A. Cunha, and M. J. Pereira, “Bacteriophage therapy as a bacterial control strategy in aquaculture,” Aquaculture International, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 879–910, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. P. Barrow, M. Lovell, and A. Berchieri Jr., “Use of lytic bacteriophage for control of experimental Escherichia coli septicemia and meningitis in chickens and calves,” Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 294–298, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. S. Weitz, H. Hartman, and S. A. Levin, “Coevolutionary arms races between bacteria and bacteriophage,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 102, no. 27, pp. 9535–9540, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Crothers-Stomps, L. Høj, D. G. Bourne, M. R. Hall, and L. Owens, “Isolation of lytic bacteriophage against Vibrio harveyi,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 1744–1750, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. E. M. Ryan, S. P. Gorman, R. F. Donnelly, and B. F. Gilmore, “Recent advances in bacteriophage therapy: How delivery routes, formulation, concentration and timing influence the success of phage therapy,” Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 1253–1264, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. D. Joerger, “Alternatives to antibiotics: bacteriocins, antimicrobial peptides and bacteriophages,” Poultry Science, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 640–647, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Sulakvelidze and G. R. Pasternack, “Industrial and regulatory issues in bacteriophage applications in food production and processingTitle,” in Bacteriophages in the Control of Food- and Waterborne Pathogens, P. M. Sabour and M. W. Griffiths, Eds., pp. 297–326, American Society of Microbiology, Washington D.C, USA, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. R. Gallet, S. Kannoly, and I.-N. Wang, “Effects of bacteriophage traits on plaque formation,” BMC Microbiology, vol. 11, article no. 181, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. T. L. Sell, D. R. Schaberg, and F. R. Fekety, “Bacteriophage and bacteriocin typing scheme for Clostridium difficile,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1148–1152, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus