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International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 253-260

Semigroup compactifications by generalized distal functions and a fixed point theorem

Department of Mathematics, North Central College, Naperville 60566, IL, USA

Received 15 August 1989

Copyright © 1991 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The notion of “Semigroup compactification” which is in a sense, a generalization of the classical Bohr (almost periodic) compactification of the usual additive reals R, has been studied by J. F. Berglund et. al. [2]. Their approach to the theory of semigroup compactification is based on the Gelfand-Naimark theory of commutative C* algebras, where the spectra of admissible C*-algebras, are the semigroup compactifications. H. D. Junghenn's extensive study of distal functions is from the point of view of semigroup compactifications [5]. In this paper, extending Junghenn's work, we generalize the notion of distal flows and distal functions on an arbitrary semitopological semigroup S, and show that these function spaces are admissible C*- subalgebras of C(S). We then characterize their spectra (semigroup compactifications) in terms of the universal mapping properties these compactifications enjoy. In our work, as it is in Junghenn's, the Ellis semigroup plays an important role. Also, relating the existence of left invariant means on these algebras to the existence of fixed points of certain affine flows, we prove the related fixed point theorem.