International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences

International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences / 2007 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2007 |Article ID 018908 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/18908

F. Baryarama, J. Y. T. Mugisha, "Comparison of Single-Stage and Staged Progression Models for HIV/AIDS Transmission", International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, vol. 2007, Article ID 018908, 11 pages, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/18908

Comparison of Single-Stage and Staged Progression Models for HIV/AIDS Transmission

Academic Editor: Thomas P. Witelski
Received14 Jun 2007
Revised08 Sep 2007
Accepted07 Nov 2007
Published30 Dec 2007

Abstract

A single-staged (SS) model and a staged progression (SP) model for HIV/AIDS with the same variable contact rate over time were formulated. In both models, analytical expressions for the HIV prevalence were obtained. A comparison of the two models was undertaken. It is shown that prevalence projections from the SS model are lower than projections from the SP model up to and beyond the peak prevalence, although the SS model prevalence may be higher than that of the SP model much later in the epidemic. A switch from faster SP model prevalence changes to faster SS prevalence changes occurs beyond the SP model peak prevalence. Hence using the SS model underestimates HIV prevalence in the early stages of the epidemic but may overestimate prevalence in the declining HIV prevalence phase. Our comparison suggests that the SP model provides better prevalence projections than the SS model. Moreover, the extra parameters that would make the SP model appear difficult to implement may not be sought from national survey data but from existing HIV/AIDS literature.

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Copyright © 2007 F. Baryarama and J. Y. T. Mugisha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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