Research Article | Open Access
F. Baryarama, J. Y. T. Mugisha, "Comparison of Single-Stage and Staged Progression Models for HIV/AIDS Transmission", International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, vol. 2007, Article ID 018908, 11 pages, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/18908
Comparison of Single-Stage and Staged Progression Models for HIV/AIDS Transmission
A single-staged (SS) model and a staged progression (SP) model for HIV/AIDS with the same variable contact rate over time were formulated. In both models, analytical expressions for the HIV prevalence were obtained. A comparison of the two models was undertaken. It is shown that prevalence projections from the SS model are lower than projections from the SP model up to and beyond the peak prevalence, although the SS model prevalence may be higher than that of the SP model much later in the epidemic. A switch from faster SP model prevalence changes to faster SS prevalence changes occurs beyond the SP model peak prevalence. Hence using the SS model underestimates HIV prevalence in the early stages of the epidemic but may overestimate prevalence in the declining HIV prevalence phase. Our comparison suggests that the SP model provides better prevalence projections than the SS model. Moreover, the extra parameters that would make the SP model appear difficult to implement may not be sought from national survey data but from existing HIV/AIDS literature.
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