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Ma'moun Harayzeh Al-Abbadi, Maslina Darus, "On Subclass of Analytic Univalent Functions Associated with Negative Coefficients", *International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 2010, Article ID 343580, 11 pages, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/343580

# On Subclass of Analytic Univalent Functions Associated with Negative Coefficients

**Academic Editor:**Stanisława R. Kanas

#### Abstract

M. H. Al-Abbadi and M. Darus (2009) recently introduced a new generalized derivative operator , which generalized many well-known operators studied earlier by many different authors. In this present paper, we shall investigate a new subclass of analytic functions in the open unit disk which is defined by new generalized derivative operator. Some results on coefficient inequalities, growth and distortion theorems, closure theorems, and extreme points of analytic functions belonging to the subclass are obtained.

#### 1. Introduction and Definitions

Let denote the class of functions of the form

and , which are analytic in the open unit disc on the complex plane ; note that and . Suppose that denote the subclass of consisting of functions that are univalent in . Further, let and be the classes of consisting of functions, respectively, starlike of order and convex of order in , for . Let denote the subclass of consisting of functions of the form

defined on the open unit disk . A function is called a function with negative coefficient and the class was introduced and studied by Silverman [1]. In [1] Silverman investigated the subclasses of denoted by and for . That are, respectively, starlike of order and convex of order . Now denotes the Pochhammer symbol (or the shifted factorial) defined by

The authors in [2] have recently introduced a new generalized derivative operator as follows.

*Definition 1.1. *For the generalized derivative operator is defined by
where .

(1)Special cases of this operator include the Ruscheweyh derivative operator in the cases [3], the Salagean derivative operator [4], the generalized Ruscheweyh derivative operator [5], the generalized Salagean derivative operator introduced by Al-Oboudi [6], and the generalized Al-Shaqsi and Darus derivative operator where can be found in [7]. It is easily seen that , and also where

By making use of the generalized derivative operator the authors introduce a new subclass as follows.

*Definition 1.2. * For , let be the subclass of consisting of functions satisfying
where
, and .

Further, we define the class by
for , and .

Also note that various subclasses of and have been studied by many authors by suitable choices of , and . For example,

starlike of order with negative coefficients. And

class of convex function of order with negative coefficients. Also

The classes and were studied by Chatterjea [8] (see also Srivastava et al. [9]), whereas the classes and were, respectively, studied by Altintaş [10] and Kamali and Akbulut [11]. When or , or in the class , we have the class introduced and studied by Ahuja [12]. Finally we note that when in the class we have the class introduced and studied by Al-Shaqsi and Darus [13].

#### 2. Coefficient Inequalities

In this section, we provide a necessary and sufficient condition for a function analytic in to be in and in .

Theorem 2.1. *For and , let be defined by (1.1). If
**
then , where and .*

*Proof. *Assume that (2.1) holds true. Then we shall prove condition (1.5). It is sufficient to show that
So, we have that
and expression (2.3) is bounded by .

Hence (2.2) holds if
which is equivalent to
by (2.1). Thus . Note that the denominator in (2.3) is positive provided that (2.1) holds.

Theorem 2.2. *Let be defined by (1.2) and (,). Then if and only if (2.1) is satisfied.*

*Proof. *We only prove the right-hand side, since the other side can be justified using similar arguments in proof of Theorem 2.1. Since by condition (1.5), we have that
Choose values of on real axis so that is real. Letting through real values, we have that
Thus we obtain
which is (2.1). Hence the proof is complete.

The result is sharp with the extremal function given by

Theorem 2.3. *Let the function given by (1.2) be in the class . Then
**
where , and Equality holds for the function given by (2.9).*

*Proof. *Since , then condition (2.1) gives
for each where

Clearly the function given by (2.9) satisfies (2.10), and therefore, given by (2.9) is in for this function; the result is clearly sharp.

#### 3. Growth and Distortion Theorems

In this section, growth and distortion theorems will be considered and covering property for function in the class will also be given.

Theorem 3.1. *Let the function given by (1.2) be in the class . Then for ,
**
where .*

*Proof. *We only prove the right-hand side inequality in (3.1), since the other inequality can be justified using similar arguments. Since by Theorem 2.2, we have that
Now
And therefore,
Since
then we have that
After that,
By aid of inequality (3.4), it yields the right-hand side inequality of (3.1). Thus, this completes the proof.

Theorem 3.2. *Let the function given by (1.2) be in the class . Then for ,
**
where *

*Proof. *Since , by Theorem 2.2, we have that
Now
Hence
Since
then we have that
and therefore,
By using the inequality (3.11) in (3.14), we get Theorem 3.2. This completes the proof.

#### 4. Extreme Points

The extreme points of the class are given by the following theorem.

Theorem 4.1. *Let and
**
where and **Then if and only if it can be expressed in the form
**
where and *

*Proof. *Suppose that can be expressed as in (4.2). Our goal is to show that .

By (4.2), we have that
Now
so that
Now, we have that
Setting
we arrive to
And therefore,
It follows from Theorem 2.2 that .

Conversely, let us suppose that ; our goal is, to get (4.2). From (4.2) and using similar last arguments, it is easily seen that
which suffices to show that
Now, we have that , then by previous Theorem 2.3,
That is
Since , we see , for each and

We can set that
Thus, the desired result is that
This completes the proof of the theorem.

Corollary 4.2. *The extreme points of are the functions
**
where , and .*

#### Acknowledgments

This work is fully supported by UKM-GUP-TMK-07-02-107, Malaysia. The authors are also grateful to the referee for his/her suggestions which helped us to improve the contents of this article.

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2010 Ma'moun Harayzeh Al-Abbadi and Maslina Darus. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.