Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 682950, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/682950
Research Article

Nucleation Controlled Growth of Cadmium Oxalate Crystals in Agar Gel and Their Characterization

Shri V. S. Naik Arts, Commerce and Science College, Raver 45 508, India

Received 14 June 2013; Accepted 28 July 2013

Academic Editors: M. Jayachandran and F. Scarpa

Copyright © 2013 P. V. Dalal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Perfect single crystals of cadmium oxalate have been grown using the slow and controlled reaction between cadmium acetate and oxalic acid in agar gel media at ambient temperature, resulting in the formation of insoluble product Cd(COO)2. Different methods for growing crystals were adopted. The optimum conditions were employed in each method by varying the concentration of gel and reactants, gel setting time, and so forth. Prismatic, transparent single crystal about 20 times larger than the crystals obtained in various other methods at the interstitial by adding impurities in the gel was obtained. The grown crystals was characterized with the help of FT-IR studies and triclinic system of crystals were supported with lattice parameters a = 8.803 A0, b = 22.352 A0, c = 5.706 A0, α = 95.74 A0, β = 90.92 A0, γ = 117.01 A0, and V = 994.69 , calculated from X-ray diffractogram.