Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2014, Article ID 367378, 8 pages
Research Article

Effect of Eu3+ Concentration on Luminescence Studies of Y4Al2O9 Phosphor

1Department of Physics, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
3Department of Physics, Government Vishwanath Yadav Tamaskar Post Graduate Autonomous College, Durg, Chhattisgarh 491001, India

Received 7 November 2013; Accepted 30 December 2013; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editors: A. Kajbafvala and G. Vaidyanathan

Copyright © 2014 Vikas Dubey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present paper reports the effect of europium concentration on photoluminescence (PL) and thermoluminescence (TL) studies of Eu3+ doped Y4Al2O9 phosphor using inorganic materials like yttrium oxide (Y2O3), aluminium oxide (Al2O3), boric acid (H3BO3) as a flux, and europium oxide (Eu2O3). The sample was prepared by the modified solid state reaction method, which is the most suitable for large-scale production. The prepared phosphor sample was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEGSEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), photoluminescence (PL), thermoluminescence (TL), and CIE techniques. The PL emission was observed in the range of 467, 535, 591, 611, 625, and 629 nm for the Y4Al2O9 phosphor doped with Eu3+ (0.1 mol% to 2.5 mol%). Excitation spectrum was found at 237 and 268 nm. Sharp peaks were found around 591, 611, and 625 nm with high intensity. From the XRD data, using Scherer’s formula, the calculated average crystallite size of Eu3+ doped Y4Al2O9 the phosphor is around 55 nm. Thermoluminescence study was carried out for the phosphor with UV irradiation. The present phosphor can act as single host for red light emission in display devices.