Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 675417, 8 pages
Research Article

Influence of Rare Earth Doping on Microstructure and Luminescence Behaviour of Sodium Sulphate

Department of Physics, Bangalore University, Jnana Bharathi Campus, Bangalore 560 056, India

Received 12 October 2013; Accepted 1 December 2013; Published 6 January 2014

Academic Editors: S. Binetti, F. Gourbilleau, and M. K. Jayaraj

Copyright © 2014 Y. S. Vidya and B. N. Lakshminarasappa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Na2SO4, Na2SO4: Li, and Na2SO4: Li, Eu, Dy phosphors were prepared by using slow evaporation technique followed by subsequent calcination at 400°C for 4 h. Doping with Li+ ion stabilized the thenardite phase of host matrix, while codoping with RE3+ stabilized the phase transformation from stable thenardite to metastable mirabilite crystal structure. The microstructure and morphology were studied by using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The thermoluminescence studies revealed that isovalent doping of Li+ served as a quencher and addition of codopant introduces the additional trap sites in the host matrix. The room temperature emission spectra of Li-doped, RE3+-codoped, and undoped Na2SO4 were studied under ultraviolet radiation. For pure Na2SO4 the two peaks which appeared are at 364 and 702 nm, respectively. The emission intensities of RE3+-codoped samples increase with increase in dopant concentration.