Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2010, Article ID 517187, 9 pages
Research Article

A New Process for On-Chip Inductors with High Q-Factor Performance

Department Automotive/Industrial, Infineon Technologies AG, Am Campeon 1-12, D-85579 Neubiberg, Germany

Received 21 April 2010; Revised 21 June 2010; Accepted 3 August 2010

Academic Editor: Ichihiko Toyoda

Copyright © 2010 Kevni Büyüktas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A novel technological method to improve the quality factor (Q) of RF-integrated inductors for wireless applications is presented in this paper. A serious reduction of substrate losses caused by capacitive coupling is provided. This is realised by removing the oxide layers below the coils with optimized underetching techniques. This special etching procedure is used to establish an environment in the inductor substructure with very low permittivity. A set of solid oxide-metal-columns placed below the metal windings stabilize the coil and prevent the hollowed out structure from mechanical collapse. The oxide capacitance is lowered significantly by the reduction of the permittivity πœ€ r from values around 4 to nearly 1. Capacitive coupling losses into substrate are decreasing in the same ratio. The resulting maximum Q-factors of the new designs are up to 100% higher compared to the same devices including the oxide layers but shifted significantly to higher frequencies. Improvements of Q from 10 up to 15 have been obtained at a frequency of 3 GHz for a 2.2 nH inductor with an outer diameter of 213  πœ‡ m. The resonance frequency ( 𝑓 r e s ) and frequency at maximum Q ( 𝑓 ( 𝑄 m a x ) ) are shifted to higher frequencies, caused by the shrunk total capacitance of the structure. This enables the circuit designer to use the inductors for applications working at higher frequencies. Coils with different layouts and values for inductance (L) were verified and showed similar results.