Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2012, Article ID 906516, 6 pages
Research Article

System-on-Package MHMIC Milimeter-Wave Frequency Synthesizer for 60 GHz WPANs

1Department of Electronics, Faculty of Engineering and Design, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1S 5B6
2Terrestrial Wireless Systems Research Branch, Communications Research Centre Canada, 3701 Carling Avenue, P.O. Box 11490, Station H, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2H 8S2

Received 3 March 2012; Revised 16 June 2012; Accepted 19 June 2012

Academic Editor: Yinchao Chen

Copyright © 2012 Boris Spokoinyi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We present a low-cost millimeter-wave frequency synthesizer with ultralow phase noise, implemented using system-on-package (SoP) techniques for high-data-rate wireless personal area network (WPAN) systems operating in the unlicensed 60 GHz ISM band (57–64 GHz). The phase noise specification of the proposed frequency synthesizer is derived for a worst case scenario of an 802.11.3c system, which uses a 64-QAM 512-carrier-OFDM modulation, and a data rate of 5.775 Gbps. Our design approach adopts commercial-of-the-shelf (COTS) components integrated in a low-cost alumina-based miniature hybrid microwave integrated circuit (MHMIC) package. The proposed design approach reduces not only the system cost and time-to-market, but also enhances the system performance in comparison with system-on-chip (SoC) designs. The synthesizer has measured phase noise of 1 1 1 . 5  dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset and integrated phase noise of 2.8° (simulated: 2.5°) measured at 57.6 GHz with output power of + 1  dBm.