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International Journal of Nephrology
Volume 2012, Article ID 508956, 7 pages
Review Article

Duplex Ultrasound Evaluation of Hemodialysis Access: A Detailed Protocol

1Division of Vascular Surgery, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
2The Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA

Received 17 January 2012; Revised 4 April 2012; Accepted 19 June 2012

Academic Editor: Franca Anglani

Copyright © 2012 Victoria Teodorescu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A detailed protocol for the performance and interpretation of duplex ultrasound evaluation of hemodialysis access is described.