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International Journal of Nephrology
Volume 2016, Article ID 6087134, 8 pages
Research Article

Erythropoietin Dose and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients: Marginal Structural Model to Examine Causality

1Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA, USA
2Division of Nephrology, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
3Department of Epidemiology, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA
4Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA, USA

Received 3 December 2015; Accepted 6 April 2016

Academic Editor: Jochen Reiser

Copyright © 2016 Elani Streja et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary Material

Detailed information on cause of death was obtained from the US Renal Data System (USRDS) “CDeath” codes, which are derived from the ESRD Death Notification Form (CMS-2746) provided by ESRD networks to the USRDS. Cause of death was categorized as cardiovascular, infectious, or others by clinician decision according to these “CDeath” codes.

  1. Supplementary Material