International Journal of Nephrology / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Renal Outcomes in Children with Operated Spina Bifida in Uganda

Table 3

Risk factors for renal damage.

Markers of renal damage
RISK FACTORSHydronephrosisRenal scarringKidney size discrepancy >1cmHypertension

Motor level
L5 or above10/4530/4520/4518/45
S1 or below0/2012/208/207/20
(p = 0.025)(p = 0.60)(p = 0.74)(p = 0.70)

Mobility
Unable to walk7/3019/3012/3013/30
Able to walk (with or without aids)3/3523/3516/3512/35
(p = 0.17)(p = 0.84)(p = 0.64)(p = 0.46)

Sex
Female5/2921/2913/2910/29
Male5/3621/3615/3615/36
(p = 0.74)(p = 0.24)(p = 0.80)(p = 0.55)

Urinary tract infection
At least one prior UTI5/2923/3617/3610/36
No documented UTI5/3619/2911/2915/29
(p = 0.74)(p = 0.89)(p = 0.45)(p = 0.05)

CIC adherence
Never performed or abandoned CIC6/4830/4822/4818/48
Currently performing CIC4/1712/176/177/17
(p = 0.43)(p = 0.55)(p = 0.45)(p = 0.80)

Detrusor leak point pressure#
DLPP >301/106/106/105/10
DLPP <308/4531/4518/4517/45
(p = 1.0)(p = 0.71)(p = 0.30)(p = 0.50)

UTI = urinary tract infection; DLPP = detrusor leak point pressure; DLPP results available for 55 children.

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