Table of Contents
International Journal of Nuclear Energy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 950129, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/950129
Research Article

Detection of the Departure from Nucleate Boiling in Nuclear Fuel Rod Simulators

Nuclear Technology Development Centre (CDTN), Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), Campus of UFMG, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Received 12 February 2013; Revised 11 May 2013; Accepted 13 May 2013

Academic Editor: Adem Acir

Copyright © 2013 Amir Zacarias Mesquita and Rogério Rivail Rodrigues. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the thermal hydraulic experiments to determin parameters of heat transfer where fuel rod simulators are heated by electric current, the preservation of the simulators is essential when the heat flux goes to the critical point. One of the most important limits in the design of cooling water reactors is the condition in which the heat transfer coefficient by boiling in the core deteriorates itself. The heat flux just before deterioration is denominated critical heat flux (CHF). At this time, the small increase in heat flux or in the refrigerant inlet temperature at the core, or the small decrease in the inlet flux of cooling, results in changes in the heat transfer mechanism. This causes increases in the surface temperature of the fuel elements causing failures at the fuel (burnout). This paper describes the experiments conducted to detect critical heat flux in nuclear fuel element simulators carried out in the thermal-hydraulic laboratory of Nuclear Technology Development Centre (CDTN). It is concluded that the use of displacement transducer is the most efficient technique for detecting critical heat flux in nuclear simulators heated by electric current in open pool.