Table of Contents
International Journal of Oceanography
Volume 2012, Article ID 403615, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/403615
Research Article

Occurrence and Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Water and Sediment Collected along the Harbour Line, Mumbai, India

1Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology Division, Regional Occupational Health Centre (Southern), ICMR, Kannamangala PO, Bangalore 562 110, India
2Division of Ecotoxicology, Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore 641 108, India

Received 25 April 2012; Accepted 8 October 2012

Academic Editor: Xosé A. Álvarez-Salgado

Copyright © 2012 V. Dhananjayan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study investigated the occurrence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water and sediment samples collected along the harbour line, Mumbai, India. The PAHs quantified in water and sediment samples were ranged from 8.66 ng/L to 46.74 ng/L and from 2608 ng/g to 134134 ng/g dry wt., respectively. Significantly high concentration of PAHs was found in water samples of Sewri and sediment samples of Mahul ( ). PAH concentrations detected in the present study were several folds higher than the existing sediment quality criteria suggested by various statutory agencies. The PAH composition patterns in water and sediments suggest the dominance of high molecular weight compounds and indicate important pyrolytic and petrogenic sources. The occurrence of PAHs in the marine environment has attracted the attention of the scientific community as these compounds are frequently detected in seawater and sediments at increasing levels and can have adverse health effects on marine organisms and humans. PAH concentrations detected at Sewri-Mahul site were sufficiently high to pose a risk to marine organisms if they are exposed continuously to this concentration. Hence, continuous monitoring of the ecosystem is highly warranted.