Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Otolaryngology
Volume 2011, Article ID 483965, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/483965
Review Article

Diagnosis of Single- or Multiple-Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo according to the Type of Nystagmus

1ENT Department, Tzanio General Hospital of Piraeus, Afentouli 1 and Zanni, 18536 Piraeus, Greece
2ENT Department, University General Hospital Attikon, 1 Rimini Street, Haidari, 12462 Athens, Greece

Received 15 February 2011; Accepted 7 May 2011

Academic Editor: Paolo Vannucchi

Copyright © 2011 Dimitris G. Balatsouras et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Katsarkas, “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): idiopathic versus post- traumatic,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 119, no. 7, pp. 745–749, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. G. Korres and D. G. Balatsouras, “Diagnostic, pathophysiologic, and therapeutic aspects of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 131, no. 4, pp. 438–444, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. R. Bárány, “Diagnose von krankheitserscheinungen im bereiche des otolithenapparates,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 2, pp. 434–437, 1921. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. Tomaz, M. M. Ganança, C. F. Ganança, F. F. Ganança, H. H. Caovilla, and L. Harker, “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: concomitant involvement of different semicircular canals,” Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 113–117, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. A. Lopez-Escamez, M. I. Molina, M. Gómez et al., “Multiple positional nystagmus suggests multiple canal involvement in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 125, no. 9, pp. 954–961, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Korres, D. G. Balatsouras, A. Kaberos, C. Economou, D. Kandiloros, and E. Ferekidis, “Occurrence of semicircular canal involvement in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Otology and Neurotology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 926–932, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. G. Korres, D. G. Balatsouras, S. Papouliakos, and E. Ferekidis, “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and its management,” Medical Science Monitor, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. CR275–CR282, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Boniver, “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: an overview,” International Tinnitus Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 159–167, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Cohen, K. Tokumasu, and K. Goto, “Semicircular canal nerve eye and head movements: the effect of changes in initial eye and head position on the plane of the induced movement,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 523–531, 1966. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Morgenstern and J. Farrenkopf, “Die funktion des hinterren vertikalen Bogenganges beim Menschen,” Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 230, no. 1, pp. 61–69, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Harbert, “Benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 298–302, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Brandt, “Positional and positioning vertigo and nystagmus,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 3–28, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Honrubia, R. Baloh, M. Harris, and K. Jacobson, “Paroxysmal positional vertigo syndrome,” American Journal of Otology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 465–470, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. Parnes, S. K. Agrawal, and J. Atlas, “Diagnosis and management of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV),” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 169, no. 7, pp. 681–693, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Bhattacharyya, R. F. Baugh, L. Orvidas, D. Barrs, L. J. Bronston, and S. Cass, “American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Clinical practice guideline: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 139, no. 5, supplement 4, pp. s47–s81, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  16. T. D. Fife, “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Seminars in Neurology, vol. 29, no. 5, article 17, pp. 500–508, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. A. Uno, K. Moriwaki, T. Kato, M. Nagai, and Y. Sakata, “Clinical features of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho, vol. 104, pp. 9–16, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  18. D. Nuti, M. Mandalà, and L. Salerni, “Lateral canal paroxysmal positional vertigo revisited,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1164, pp. 316–323, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. S. H. Lee, M. K. Kim, K. H. Cho, and J. S. Kim, “Reversal of initial positioning nystagmus in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the horizontal canal,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1164, pp. 406–408, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. R. W. Baloh, Q. Yue, K. M. Jacobson, and V. Honrubia, “Persistent direction-changing positional nystagmus: another variant of benign positional nystagmus?” Neurology, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1297–1301, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Y. H. Choung, Y. R. Shin, H. Kahng, K. Park, and S. J. Choi, “‘Bow and lean test’ to determine the affected ear of horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Laryngoscope, vol. 116, no. 10, pp. 1776–1781, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  22. J. A. Lopez-Escamez, M. I. Molina, and M. Gamiz, “Anterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and positional downbeating nystagmus,” American Journal of Otolaryngology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 173–178, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  23. P. Bertholon, A. Bronstein, R. Davies, P. Rudge, and K. V. Thilo, “Positional down beating nystagmus in 50 patients: cerebellar disorders and possible anterior semicircular canalithiasis,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 366–372, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. G. Korres, M. Riga, D. Balatsouras, and V. Sandris, “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the anterior semicircular canal: atypical clinical findings and possible underlying mechanisms,” International Journal of Audiology, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 276–282, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  25. S. G. Korres, D. G. Balatsouras, and E. Ferekidis, “Prognosis of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo treated with repositioning manoeuvres,” Journal of Laryngology and Otology, vol. 120, no. 7, pp. 528–533, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  26. P. Bertholon, L. Chelikh, S. Tringali, A. Timoshenko, and C. Martin, “Combined horizontal and posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in three patients with head trauma,” Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 105–110, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Steddin and T. Brandt, “Unilateral mimicking bilateral benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo,” Archives of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 120, no. 12, pp. 1339–1341, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Imai, N. Takeda, G. Sato et al., “Differential diagnosis of true and pseudo-bilateral benign positional nystagmus,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 151–158, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  29. L. Pollak, R. Stryjer, M. Kushnir, and S. Flechter, “Approach to bilateral benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo,” American Journal of Otolaryngology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 91–95, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  30. G. Caruso and D. Nuti, “Epidemiological data from 2270 PPV patients,” Audiological Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 7–11, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Asprella Libonati, “Pseudo-spontaneous nystagmus: a new sign to diagnose the affected side in lateral semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 73–78, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. Nuti, P. Vannucchi, and P. Pagnini, “Lateral canal BPPV: which is the affected side?” Audiological Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 16–20, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. I. Han, H. J. Oh, and J. S. Kim, “Nystagmus while recumbent in horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Neurology, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 706–710, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  34. A. Horii, T. Imai, Y. Mishiro et al., “Horizontal canal type BPPV: bilaterally affected case treated with canal plugging and lempert's maneuver,” Journal for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 366–369, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  35. S. Korres, M. Riga, V. Sandris, V. Danielides, and A. Sismanis, “Canalithiasis of the anterior semicircular canal (ASC): treatment options based on the possible underlying pathogenetic mechanisms,” International Journal of Audiology, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 606–612, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  36. D. A. Yacovino, T. C. Hain, and F. Gualtieri, “New therapeutic maneuver for anterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Journal of Neurology, no. 256, pp. 1851–1855, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  37. G. Leopardi, G. Chiarella, G. Serafini et al., “Paroxysmal positional vertigo: short- and long-term clinical and methodological analyses of 794 patients,” Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 155–160, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Y. Moon, j. S. Kim, B. K. Kim et al., “Clinical characteristics of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in Korea: a multicenter study,” Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 539–543, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. D. Macias, K. M. Lambert, S. Massingale, A. Ellensohn, and J. A. Fritz, “Variables affecting treatment in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,” Laryngoscope, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 1921–1924, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. T. Imai, N. Takeda, M. Ito et al., “Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo due to a simultaneous involvement of both horizontal and posterior semicircular canals,” Audiology and Neurotology, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 198–205, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  41. S. T. Aw, M. J. Todd, G. E. Aw, L. A. McGarvie, and G. M. Halmagyi, “Benign positional nystagmus: a study of its three-dimensional spatio-temporal characteristics,” Neurology, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 1897–1905, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  42. H. Ichijo, “Positional nystagmus of horizontal canalolithiasis,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 131, no. 1, pp. 46–51, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus