International Journal of Otolaryngology / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Noncleft Velopharyngeal Insufficiency: Etiology and Need For Surgical Treatment

Table 1

Neurologic causes of noncleft VPI.

Posttraumatic brain injury
Developmental delay
Cerebral palsy
Myasthenia gravis
Associated speech delay
Undiagnosed neurologic condition

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.