International Journal of Otolaryngology / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Noncleft Velopharyngeal Insufficiency: Etiology and Need For Surgical Treatment

Table 2

Syndromic causes of noncleft VPI.

Velocardiofacial syndrome
Klippel-Feil syndrome
Epidermal-Nevus syndrome
Alagille syndrome
Turner syndrome
VATER syndrome
Unrecognized syndrome

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