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International Journal of Otolaryngology
Volume 2013, Article ID 138935, 4 pages
Clinical Study

A Prevalence Study of Hearing Loss among Primary School Children in the South East of Iran

1Audiology Department, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Zahedan, Iran
2Otolaryngology (ENT) Department, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Zahedan, Iran
3Department of Anatomical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Audiology Department, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Tehran, Iran
5Audiology Department, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Received 3 March 2013; Revised 17 June 2013; Accepted 17 June 2013

Academic Editor: Bill Yates

Copyright © 2013 Aqeel Absalan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hearing impairment substantially affects child’s ability to normally acquire the spoken language. Such negative effects create problems for the child not only in terms of communication but also in terms of achievement in school as well as social and emotional growth. The aim of this research is to study the prevalence of hearing disorders and its relationship to age and gender among primary school students of Zahedan, Iran. In this cross-sectional and descriptive analytical study, 1500 students from elementary schools were screened for hearing loss. The selection of samples was performed using multistage sampling method. Primary information was obtained through direct observation, otoscopy, and audiometric and tympanometric screenings. Data was obtained and analyzed via ANOVA test. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between the age and the prevalence of middle ear abnormal function. Conductive hearing loss in males and females was 8.8% and 7.1%, respectively. In addition, 1% and 0.7% of male and female students, respectively, suffered from sensorineural hearing loss. Results indicated that 20.2% of students of elementary schools in Zahedan needed medical treatment for their problems. Therefore, it is recommended that the hearing screening of school-age children should be included in annual school health programs in this region.