International Journal of Otolaryngology / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Construct, Face, and Content Validation on Voxel-Man® Simulator for Otologic Surgical Training

Table 2

Injuries of structures at risk.

Novice groupExpert group

Total injuries894125
9 (5.25–15.75)6 (4.5–11)
Injury of the dura17545
1.5 (1–3.75)3 (1.5–4)
Injury of the sigmoid sinus8130
0.5 (0–2)1 (0–2.5)
Injury to the brain209
0 (0-0)0 (0-1)
Injury of the auditory ossicles21837
2.5 (1–5.75)2 (1–3.5)
Injury of the vestibular labyrinth652
0 (0-1)0 (0-0)
Injury of the chorda tympani20
0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Injury of the facial nerve80
0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Injury of the posterior wall of the outer ear canal3252
1 (0–3)0 (0-0)

Results represent occurrence and median (interquartile range).
indicates significant differences between the expert and novice groups.