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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 1 (1999), Issue 3, Pages 165-172

Photophysical and photochemical properties of electronically excited fluorescent dyes: a new type of time-resolved laser-scanning spectroscopy

Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen D-57068, Germany

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The capacity of a new type of time-resolved laser-scanning spectroscopy is discussed. Due to the developed modulation technique we obtain a high sensitivity in the absorption measurement as well as a very efficient suppression of the background absorption. The new technique has been used to investigate photophysical and photochemical properties of fluorescent dyes. All presented results are discussed in view of potential applications like dye laser and fluorescence labelling.

The possibility of intermolecular triplet state quenching by molecular oxygen and further agents is considered in detail. The quenching process is described in terms of diffusion controlled interaction. It is shown that under ambient conditions quenching agents can inhibit the quenching by molecular oxygen and therefore the generation of the chemically highly reactive singlet molecular oxygen. It can be expected that the obtained information can be used in order to increase the photostability not only of rhodamine dyes.