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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 193-199
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1110662X01000253

Kinetics and mechanisms of EDTA photocatalytic degradation with TiO2 under different experimental conditions

Unidad de Actividad Química, Centro Atómico Constituyentes, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica; Av. Gral. Paz 1499, Prov. de Buenos Aires, San Martín (1650), Argentina

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The photocatalytic degradationof EDTA over TiO2 has been analyzed to establish the influence of oxidants on the reaction rate, the nature of the intermediates and the kinetic regime. Degussa P-25 suspensions containing EDTA at initial pH 3 in different concentrations were irradiated under near UV light. A Langmuirian behavior was observed. O2 at saturation concentrations was found to be crucial for EDTA degradation. The rapid depletion of EDTA was not accompanied by a corresponding TOC decrease, indicating formation of refractory intermediates. An enhancement in TOC reduction could be achieved by keeping pH constant or by hydrogen peroxide addition. Addition of Fe(III) caused a remarkable increase on the initial rate of EDTA consumption and also on TOC decrease. Changes in both parameters clearly increased under the simultaneous addition of Fe(III) and H2O2, until limiting values.

Some of the possible intermediates of EDTA degradation were evaluated in the filtered solution. So far, glycine, ethylenediamine, ammonium, formaldehyde, and formic, iminodiacetic, oxalic, oxamic, glycolic and glyoxylic acids have been identified in different proportions, depending on the experimental conditions. Different degradationpathways are proposed. Inthe presence of Fe(III), photo-Fenton reactions would contribute also to the degradation process.