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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 5 (2003), Issue 4, Pages 209-217
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1110662X03000345

Highly selective deethylation of rhodamine B: Adsorption and photooxidation pathways of the dye on the TiO2/SiO2 composite photocatalyst

1Frontier Research Center for the Global Environment Protection, Meisei University, 2-1-1 Hodukubo, Hino, Tokyo 191-8506, Japan
2The Laboratory of Photochemistry, Center for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) with TiO2 and TiO2/SiO2 in the aqueous dispersion was investigated under both the visible light (λ> 480 nm) and UV irradiation. The detailed photocatalytic oxidative process of RhB under these different conditions was revealed by measurement of the isoelectric points of the catalysts, UV-VIS spectra, HPLC and LC-MS. RhB adsorbs on the surface of TiO2/SiO2 particles by the positively-charged diethylamino group while, in the case of net TiO2, it adsorbs through the negatively-charged carboxyl group under the experimental conditions (pH 4.3). In the RhB-TiO2/SiO2 system, RhB firstly underwent a highly selective stepwise deethylation process before the destruction of the chromophore structure under visible light irradiation. The average yield of the every deethylation step was higher than 86%. It is confirmed that visible light-induced photocatalytic degradation of dye proceeds on the surface of catalysts rather than in the bulk solution and active oxygen species preferentially attack the molecular portion that connects directly to the surface of catalysts. This work provides a possibility for the modification of the surface characteristics of TiO2 to adsorb effectively the special colored organic molecules in selective mode for selective modification or deeply extent photooxidation.