International Journal of Photoenergy

International Journal of Photoenergy / 2006 / Article

Open Access

Volume 2006 |Article ID 039182 | https://doi.org/10.1155/IJP/2006/39182

Maurizio Addamo, Vincenzo Augugliaro, Salvatore Coluccia, Agatino Di Paola, Elisa García-López, Vittorio Loddo, Giuseppe Marcì, Gianmario Martra, Leonardo Palmisano, "The role of water in the photocatalytic degradation of acetonitrile and toluene in gas-solid and liquid-solid regimes", International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2006, Article ID 039182, 12 pages, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1155/IJP/2006/39182

The role of water in the photocatalytic degradation of acetonitrile and toluene in gas-solid and liquid-solid regimes

Received25 Jun 2005
Revised17 Aug 2005
Accepted20 Sep 2005
Published08 Feb 2006

Abstract

Photocatalytic degradation of acetonitrile and toluene was carried out both in gas-solid and in liquid-solid regimes by using commercial TiO2 samples (Merck and Degussa P25). The investigation was mainly aimed to study the influence of water present in the reaction environment on the mechanism and degradation rate of two probe molecules. In gas-solid regime, the reacting mixture consisted of toluene or acetonitrile, oxygen, nitrogen, and water vapour. The main degradation product of toluene was CO2 with small amounts of benzaldehyde. In the presence of water vapour, the activity of TiO2 Merck remained stable but greatly decreased if water was absent. TiO2 Degussa P25 continuously deactivated, even in the presence of water vapour. With both catalysts, the photodegradation products of acetonitrile were CO2 and HCN; the activity was stable and was independent of the presence of water vapour in the reacting mixture. The production of HCN represents a drawback of acetonitrile photocatalytic degradation but the elimination of HCN is not actually a problem. In liquid-solid regime, the main intermediates of toluene photodegradation were p-cresol and benzaldehyde; traces of pyrogallol and benzyl alcohol were also found. Benzoic acid, hydroquinone, and trans, trans muconic acid were detected only when TiO2 Merck was used. The photodegradation products of acetonitrile were cyanide, cyanate, formate, nitrate, and carbonate ions.

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Copyright © 2006 Maurizio Addamo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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