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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 96398, 7 pages

Thermally modified titania photocatalysts for phenol removal from water

Institute of Chemical Technology and Environment Engineering, Szczecin University of Technology, Pułaskiego 10, Szczecin 70-322, Poland

Received 28 April 2006; Revised 19 June 2006; Accepted 28 June 2006

Copyright © 2006 Joanna Grzechulska-Damszel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Two kinds of titanium dioxide were used as starting materials for thermal modification: Tytanpol A11 supplied by Chemical Factory “Police” S.A. (Poland) and Degussa P25 supplied by Degussa AG (Germany). The photocatalytic activity of titania materials modified by thermal treatment was tested in the reaction of photocatalytic oxidation of phenol. It was found that the highest activity in the reaction of photocatalytic decomposition of phenol, in case of Tytanpol A11, shows the samples of material modified at temperatures of 700 and 750°C. These catalysts were more active than untreated A11, whereas materials modified at higher temperatures show lower activity. In the case of P25, all thermally treated materials were less active than the unmodified material. The photocatalyst samples were characterized by UV-Vis/DR, FTIR/DRS, and XRD methods.