- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 213846, 8 pages
Free Radical Shadow Cure Initiated Using Two-Component and Three-Component Initiator Systems
1Bridgestone Corporation, 3-1-1 Ogawahigashi-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 187-8531, Japan
2Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1219, USA
Received 29 November 2011; Accepted 3 February 2012
Academic Editor: L. Maria Gómez
Copyright © 2012 Hajime Kitano et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. P. Fouassier, Photoinitiation, Photopolymerization, and Photocuring, Hanser, Munich, Germany, 1995.
- Y. Takimoto, Photopolymer Surface Fabrication Material, Bunshin Corporation, 2001.
- N. Sato, “Pre-irradiation system: applications,” Three Bond Technical News, vol. 42, pp. 1–7, 1994.
- Y. Shinya, K. Kamiya, and Y. Kamata, “Image display device and its manufacturing method,” US Patent, US2009/0186552A1, 12//309,106, 2009.
- S. Gregory, “Ultraviolet curable resin compositions having enhanced shadow cure properties,” US Patent, 6245827, 2001.
- S. Hayashi, Y. Tasaka, N. Hayashi, and Y. Akita, “Development of smart polymer materials and its various applications,” Mitsubishi Juko Giho, vol. 41, pp. 62–64, 2004.
- B. A. Ficek, A. M. Thiesen, and A. B. Scranton, “Cationic photopolymerizations of thick polymer systems: active center lifetime and mobility,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 98–105, 2008.
- J. D. Oxman, F. A. Ubel III, and E. G. Larson, “Coated abrasive binder containing ternary photoinitiator system,” U.S. Patent, 4735632, 34066, 1988.
- M. Kawabata, K. Kimoto, and Y. Takimoto, “Photopolymerizable composition containing a certain xanthene or thioxanthene,” US Patent, 4766055, 1988.
- J. P. Fouassier and E. Chesneau, “Polymerization induced by irradiation wih a visble laser, 4. The system eosin UV-photoinitiator amine,” Macromolecular Chemistry, vol. 192, pp. 245–260, 1991.
- J. Fouassier and S. K. Wu, “Visible laser lights in photoinduced polymerization. VI. Thioxanthones and ketocoumarins as photoiniators,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1779–1786, 1992.
- R. Davidson, “The chemistry of photoinitiators—some recent developments,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 81–96, 1993.
- S. Jockusch, H. J. Timpe, W. Schnabel, and N. Turro, “Photoreduction of organic dyes in ketone amine systems,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A, vol. 96, no. 1–3, pp. 129–136, 1996.
- J. P. Fouassier, D. Ruhlmann, B. Graff, Y. Takimoto, M. Kawabata, and M. Harada, “New three-component system in visible laser light photo-induced polymerization,” Journal of Imaging Science, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 208–210, 1993.
- A. Erddalane, J. P. Fouassier, F. Morlet-Savary, and Y. Takimoto, “Efficiency and excited state processes in a three-component system, based on thioxanthene derived dye/amine/additive, usable in photopolymer plates,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 633–642, 1996.
- K. S. Padon and A. B. Scranton, “Mechanistic investigation of a three-component radical photoinitiator system comprising methylene blue, N-methyldiethanolamine, and diphenyliodonium chloride,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 2057–2066, 2000.
- D. Chloride, K. S. Padon, and A. B. Scranton, “A mechanistic investigation of the three-component radical photoinitiator system eosin y spirit soluble, n-methyldiethanolamine,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 715–723, 2001.
- J. P. Fouassier, X. Allonas, and D. Burget, “Photopolymerization reactions under visible lights: principle, mechanisms and examples of applications,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 16–36, 2003.
- D. Kim and A. B. Scranton, “The role of diphenyl iodonium salt (DPI) in three-component photoinitiator systems containing methylene blue (MB) and an electron donor,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 42, no. 23, pp. 5863–5871, 2004.
- D. Kim, A. B. Scranton, and J. W. Stansbury, “Analysis of association constant for ground-state dye-electron acceptor complex of photoinitiator systems and the association constant effect on the kinetics of visible-light-induced polymerizations,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1429–1439, 2009.
- D. Kim and J. W. Stansbury, “A photo-oxidizable kinetic pathway of three-component photoinitiator systems containing porphrin dye (Zn-tpp), an electron donor and diphenyl lodonium salt,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 3131–3141, 2009.
- A. Ibrahim, C. Ley, O. I. Tarzi, J. P. Fouassier, and X. Allonas, “Visible light photoinitiating systems: toward a good control of the photopolymerization efficiency,” Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 101–108, 2010.
- S. Speiser and F. L. Chisena, “Optical bistability in fluorescein dyes,” Applied Physics B, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 137–144, 1988.
- R. W. Chambers, T. Kajiwara, and D. R. Kearns, “Effect of dimer formation of the electronic absorption and emission spectra of ionic dyes. Rhodamines and other common dyes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 380–387, 1974.
- D. Fornasiero and T. Kurucsev, “Vibronic exciton bands. Absorption spectra of Eosin Y dimers,” Journal of the Chemical Society, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 15–19, 1986.
- Y. Cai and J. L. P. Jessop, “Decreased oxygen inhibition in photopolymerized acrylate/epoxide hybrid polymer coatings as demonstrated by Raman spectroscopy,” Polymer, vol. 47, no. 19, pp. 6560–6566, 2006.
- Y. Zou, S. R. Armstrong, and J. L. P. Jessop, “Apparent conversion of adhesive resin in the hybrid layer, part 1: identification of an internal reference for Raman spectroscopy and the effects of water storage,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 883–891, 2008.
- Y. Zou, J. L. P. Jessop, and S. R. Armstrong, “Apparent conversion of adhesive resin in the hybrid layer, part II: in situ studies of the resin-dentin bond,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 355–362, 2009.
- L. S. Forster and D. Dudley, “The luminescence of fluorescein dyes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 838–840, 1962.
- N. S. Kenning, B. A. Ficek, C. C. Hoppe, and A. B. Scranton, “Spatial and temporal evolution of the photoinitiation rate for thick polymer systems illuminated by polychromatic light: selection of efficient photoinitiators for LED or mercury lamps,” Polymer International, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1134–1140, 2008.
- K. S. Padon and A. B. Scranton, “The effect of oxygen on the three-component radical photoinitiator system: methylene blue, N-methyldiethanolamine, and diphenyliodonium chloride,” Journal of Polymer Science A, vol. 38, no. 18, pp. 3336–3346, 2000.