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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2012, Article ID 780562, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/780562
Research Article

Photocatalytic Degradation of Phenolics by N-Doped Mesoporous Titania under Solar Radiation

1Environmental Materials Unit, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nagpur 440 020, India
2Chemical Engineering and Process Development Division, National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pashan Road, Pune 411008, India
3P.G. Department of Chemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj, Nagpur University, Nagpur 440 033, India

Received 6 January 2011; Accepted 5 March 2011

Academic Editor: Jinlong Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Priti A. Mangrulkar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this study, nitrogen-doped mesoporous titania was synthesized by templating method using chitosan. This biopolymer chitosan plays the dual role of acting as a template (which imparts mesoporosity) and precursor for nitrogen. BET-SA, XRD, UV-DRS, SEM, and FTIR were used to characterize the photocatalyst. The doping of nitrogen into TiO2 lattice and its state was substantiated and measured by XPS. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared N-doped mesoporous titania for phenol and o-chlorophenol degradation was investigated under solar and artificial radiation. The rate of photocatalytic degradation was observed to be higher for o-chlorophenol than that of phenol. The photodegradation of o-chlorophenol was 98.62% and 72.2%, while in case of phenol, degradation to the tune of 69.25% and 30.58% was achieved in solar and artificial radiation. The effect of various operating parameters, namely, catalyst loading, pH, initial concentration and the effect of coexisting ions on the rate of photocatalytic degradation were studied in detail.