Table 4:   Parameters  for  the  proposed  model  (  W/m²).

ParameterMonocrystalline SM55Multicrystalline S75Thin-film ST40
Proposed modelFive-parameter modelProposed modelFive-parameter modelProposed modelFive-parameter model

60°C
(A)3.5023.5074.7444.732.7122.706
(A)
1.0671.1831.0421.3881.0641.614
(Ω)0.26250.36250.17470.12811.1140.7457
(Ω)350186.5179127.4250140.8

40°C
(A)3.4743.4784.7284.7212.7062.699
(A)
1.2111.1831.1851.3881.2211.614
(Ω)0.28280.36250.18840.12811.2140.7457
(Ω)350186.5179127.4250140.8

20°C
(A)3.44634494.7114.7122.72.692
(A)
1.3851.1831.3571.3881.4131.614
(Ω)0.30610.36250.20420.12811.3310.7457
(Ω)350186.5179127.4250140.8