Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2013, Article ID 857491, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/857491
Research Article

Study of the Behavior of Titanium Alloys as the Cathode for Photovoltaic Hydrogen Production

1Metal Industries Research and Development Centre, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2Department of Applied Materials and Optoelectronic Engineering, National Chi Nan University, Puli, Nantou, Taiwan
3Department of Materials Engineering, Tatung University, Taipei 10451, Taiwan

Received 18 September 2013; Accepted 29 September 2013

Academic Editor: Teen-Hang Meen

Copyright © 2013 Chien-Lung Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Iu. Bortnikov, N. S. Lidorenko, G. F. Muchnik, S. V. Riabikov, and D. S. Strebkov, Solar-Energy Perspectives, International Energy Agency, 2011.
  2. P. Gipe, “The wind industry's experience with aesthetic criticism,” Leonardo, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 243–248, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  3. Association for Industrial Archaeology, Industrial Archaeology Review, vol. 10-11, Oxford University Press, 1987.
  4. D. Kerr, “Marine energy,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, vol. 365, no. 1853, pp. 971–992, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Qiang, “Radiation (solar),” in Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, J. R. Holton, Ed., pp. 1859–1863, Academic Press, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  6. B. Sorensen, Renewable Energy: Physics, Engineering, Environmental Impacts, Economics & Planning, Elsevier Science, 2010.
  7. B. M. Diaconu, “Energy analysis of a solar-assisted ejector cycle air conditioning system with low temperature thermal energy storage,” Renewable Energy, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 266–276, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Tian and C. Y. Zhao, “A review of solar collectors and thermal energy storage in solar thermal applications,” Applied Energy, vol. 104, pp. 538–553, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. L. Li, L. Duan, Y. Xu, M. Gorlov, A. Hagfeldt, and L. Sun, “A photoelectrochemical device for visible light driven water splitting by a molecular ruthenium catalyst assembled on dye-sensitized nanostructured TiO2,” Chemical Communications, vol. 46, no. 39, pp. 7307–7309, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. L. Gibson and N. A. Kelly, “Predicting efficiency of solar powered hydrogen generation using photovoltaic-electrolysis devices,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 900–911, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. M. Pearce, “Photovoltaics—a path to sustainable futures,” Futures, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 663–674, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. L. Bernal-Agustín and R. Dufo-López, “Hourly energy management for grid-connected wind-hydrogen systems,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 6401–6413, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. B. Gupta, Hydrogen Fuel: Production, Transport, and Storage, Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  14. F. Rigas and P. Amyotte, Hydrogen Safety, CRC Press, 2012.
  15. J. O. Jensen, A. P. Vestbø, Q. Li, and N. J. Bjerrum, “The energy efficiency of onboard hydrogen storage,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 446-447, pp. 723–728, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. F. Newman and L. L. Shreir, “Role of hydrides in hydrogen entry into steel from solutions containing promoters,” Corrosion Science, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 631–641, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T.-I. Wu, C.-T. Liu, and J.-K. Wu, “Use of thiourea to inhibit the incorporation of hydrogen in Ti and Ti-6Al-4V alloy,” Materials Letters, vol. 30, no. 5-6, pp. 377–383, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T.-I. Wu and J.-K. Wu, “Effects of thiourea and its derivatives on the electrolytic hydrogenation behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy,” Materials Letters, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 193–199, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T.-I. Wu and J.-K. Wu, “Effects of electrolytic hydrogenating parameters on structure and composition of surface hydrides of CP-Ti and Ti-6Al-4V alloy,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 5–12, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T.-I. Wu and J.-K. Wu, “The effects of chemical additives on the hydrogen uptake behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 150–156, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. H. Uhlig and R. W. Revie, Corrosion and Corrosion Control: An Introduction to Corrosion Science and Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 1985.
  22. P. Marcus, Corrosion Mechanisms in Theory and Practice, CRC Press, 2011.
  23. B.-S. Lee, Effects of cyclic hydrogenation and subsequent solution treatment on the mechanical properties of Ti-153 alloy [M.S. thesis], Department of Materials Engineering, Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan, 2012.
  24. J.-C. Wu and T.-I. Wu, “Influences of the cyclic electrolytic hydrogenation and subsequent solution treatment on the hydrogen absorption and evolution of β-solution treated Ti-6Al-4V alloy,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 5651–5660, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T.-I. Wu and J.-C. Wu, “Effects of cathodic charging and subsequent solution treating parameters on the hydrogen redistribution and surface hardening of Ti-6Al-4V alloy,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 466, no. 1-2, pp. 153–159, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus