International Journal of Photoenergy / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Innovations and Challenges by Applying Sublingual Laser Blood Irradiation in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of the JIA patients at the initiation of the study.

CharacteristicsGroup I ( = 36)Group II ( = 36)Group III ( = 33)Statistical significance

Subtype JIA
 RF negative polyarthritis—number (%)11 (30.55)11 (30.55)10 (30.30)[NS]
 RF positive polyarthritis—number (%)7 (19.44)9 (25.00)6 (18.18)[NS]
 Enthesitis-related arthritis—number (%)9 (25.00)8 (22.22)6 (18.18)[NS]
 Oligoextensive—number (%)8 (22.22)7 (19.44)10 (30.30)[NS]
 Psoriatic arthritis—number (%)1 (2.77)1 (2.77)1 (3.03)[NS]
 Female sex—number (%)19 (52.77)17 (47.22)18 (54.54)[NS]
 Age—yrs10.0 ± 4.310.6 ± 4.410.0 ± 4.1[NS]
 Weight—kg32.7 ± 15.631.8 ± 15.831.9 ± 16.1[NS]
 Duration of disease—yrs3.1 ± 2.03.2 ± 2.33.2 ± 1.0[NS]
Prior use of DMARDs (mean dose)
 Methotrexate (mg/wk)18.4 ± 2.118.2 ± 2.118.9 ± 2.0[NS]
 Sulfasalazine (g/day)1.0 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.501.0 ± 0.25[NS]
 Hydroxychloroquine (mg/day)200 ± 0.5190 ± 0.5200 ± 0.5[NS]
 Oral glucocorticoid (mg/kg/day)*0.49 ± 0.180.49 ± 0.190.49 ± 0.17[NS]

NS: nonsignificant difference between the groups, value ≥ 0.05. SD: standard deviation. RF: rheumatoid factor. *For each oral glucocorticoid used, the prednisone equivalent was calculated.

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