Figure 5: Proposed formation processes of the microtubules. (a) Globular aggregates containing LAHC and hydrolyzed TBOT. (b) Aggregates enlarged in size. (c) and (d) Mixed lamellar liquid-crystal phase membrane containing rodlike micelles. (e) Charge imbalance resulting in membrane curvature. (f) Further bending into tubules. (g) Random and segregated arrangement of rod micelle layers which are separated by bilayers of LAHC from bulk solution [42].