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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 615860, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/615860
Research Article

Analysis and Monitoring Results of a Building Integrated Photovoltaic Façade Using PV Ceramic Tiles in Taiwan

1Institute of Microelectronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
2Green Energy & Environment Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 310, Taiwan
3Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
4Research Center for Energy Technology and Strategy, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan

Received 21 February 2014; Accepted 1 May 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Sudhakar Shet

Copyright © 2014 Yen-Chieh Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Single-crystal silicon-based solar cells laminated with tempered-glass and ceramic tiles for use in a building’s façade have been developed. The optical, thermal, and electrical properties of the proposed PV module are first evaluated, and then a wind-resistance test is carried out to evaluate the feasibility of installing it in Taiwan. The electrical and deflection characteristics of the proposed PV module did not change significantly after a 50 thermal cycling test and a 200-hour humidity-freeze test, based on IEC 61215 and a wind-resistance test. Finally, the electrical power generation ability of the proposed BIPV system with 1 kWp electrical power capacity was examined. Building information modeling software tools were used to simulate the BIPV system and carry out the energy analysis. The simulation results show a very consistent trend with regard to the actual monthly electricity production of the BIPV system designed in this work. The BIPV system was able to produce an accumulative electrical power of 185 kWh during the 6-month experimental period. In addition, the exterior temperature of the demonstration house was about 10°C lower than the surface of the BIPV system, which could reduce indoor temperature.