Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 842891, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/842891
Research Article

Optical Absorption Enhancement in Amorphous Silicon Films and Solar Cell Precursors Using the Aluminum-Induced Glass Texturing Method

1Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117574
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117583

Received 29 May 2013; Revised 12 October 2013; Accepted 2 November 2013; Published 22 January 2014

Academic Editor: Zofia Stasicka

Copyright © 2014 Nasim Sahraei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Guha, J. Yang, and B. Yan, “Amorphous and nanocrystalline silicon solar cells and modules,” in Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology, B. Pallab, F. Roberto, and K. Hiroshi, Eds., pp. 308–352, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  2. D. Redfield, “Multiple-pass thin-film silicon solar cell,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 647–648, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Zeman, R. van Swaaij, J. W. Metselaar, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Optical modeling of a-Si:H solar cells with rough interfaces: effect of back contact and interface roughness,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 88, no. 11, pp. 6436–6443, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. Tiedje, B. Abeles, J. M. Cebulka, and J. Pelz, “Photoconductivity enhancement by light trapping in rough amorphous silicon,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 712–714, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. Zhang, E. Bunte, J. Worbs et al., “Rough glass by 3D texture transfer for silicon thin film solar cells,” Physica Status Solidi (C), vol. 7, no. 3-4, pp. 1120–1123, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. O. Isabella, C. Battaglia, C. Ballif, and M. Zeman, “Modulated surface-textured substrates based on etched glass,” in Proceedings of the Technical Digest of the 21st International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, p. 4A-2O-13, Fukuoka, Japan, 2011.
  7. D. Dominé, P. Buehlmann, J. Bailat, A. Billet, A. Feltrin, and C. Ballif, “Optical management in high-efficiency thin-film silicon micromorph solar cells with a silicon oxide based intermediate reflector,” Physica Status Solidi—Rapid Research Letters, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 163–165, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C.-C. Lin, W.-L. Liu, and C.-Y. Hsieh, “Scalar scattering model of highly textured transparent conducting oxide,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 109, no. 1, Article ID 014508, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. W. Deckman, C. R. Wronski, H. Witzke, and E. Yablonovitch, “Optically enhanced amorphous silicon solar cells,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 968–970, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Yablonovitch, “Statistical ray optics,” Journal of Optical Society of America, vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 899–907, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. S. S. Hegedus and R. Kaplan, “Analysis of quantum efficiency and optical enhancement in amorphous Si p-i-n solar cells,” Progress in Photovoltaics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 257–269, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. G. Aberle, P. I. Widenborg, and N. Chuangsuwanich, “Glass texturing,” European Patent EP1613562 B1, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  13. V. Premachandran, S. Venkataraj, J. Wang et al., “Aluminium induced glass texturing process on borosilicate and soda- lime glass superstrate for thin-film solar cells,” in Proceedings of the 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, IEEE, Seattle, Wash, USA, 2011.
  14. P. I. Widenborg and A. G. Aberle, “Polycrystalline silicon thin-film solar cells on AIT-textured glass superstrates,” Advances in OptoElectronics, vol. 2007, Article ID 24584, 7 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Venkataraj, J. Wang, P. Vayalakkara, and A. G. Aberle, “Light scattering enhancement by double scattering technique for multijunction thin-film silicon solar cells,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 605–612, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. “Standard tables for reference solar spectral irradiances: direct normal and hemispherical on 37° tilted surface,” ASTM G173-03, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2008, http://www.astm.org/.
  17. Y. Hishikawa, N. Nakamura, S. Tsuda, S. Nakano, Y. Kishi, and Y. Kuwano, “Interference-free determination of the optical absorption coefficient and the optical gap of amorphous silicon thin films,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 1008–1014, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Sahraei, P. Vayalakkara, S. Venkataraj, and A. G. Aberle, “Effect of glass texturing on the absorptance of a-Si:H p-i-n structures,” in Proceedings of the Technical Digest of the 21st International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, p. 4D-2P-25, Fukuoka, Japan, 2011.