Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 953623, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/953623
Research Article

Near Infrared Radiation as a Rapid Heating Technique for TiO2 Films on Glass Mounted Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

SPECIFIC, Baglan Bay Innovation and Knowledge Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Central Avenue, Baglan SA12 7AX, UK

Received 16 July 2014; Accepted 21 September 2014; Published 6 November 2014

Academic Editor: Meenakshisundaram Swaminathan

Copyright © 2014 Katherine Hooper et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. O'Regan and M. Gratzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6346, pp. 737–740, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Yella, H.-W. Lee, H. N. Tsao et al., “Porphyrin-sensitized solar cells with cobalt (II/III)-based redox electrolyte exceed 12 percent efficiency,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6056, pp. 629–634, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Watson, C. Charbonneau, M. Carnie, I. Mabbett, M. Cherrington, and D. Worsley, “Addressing bottlenecks in dye-sensitized solar cell manufacture using rapid near-infrared heat treatments,” MRS Proceedings, vol. 1447, mrss12-1447-v06-04, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. H. Lindström, A. Holmberg, E. Magnusson, L. Malmqvist, and A. Hagfeldt, “A new method to make dye-sensitized nanocrystalline solar cells at room temperature,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 145, no. 1-2, pp. 107–112, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Lindström, E. Magnusson, A. Holmberg, S. Södergren, S.-E. Lindquist, and A. Hagfeldt, “A new method for manufacturing nanostructured electrodes on glass substrates,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 91–101, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Lindström, A. Holmberg, E. Magnusson, S.-E. Lindquist, L. Malmqvist, and A. Hagfeldt, “A new method for manufacturing nanostructured electrodes on plastic substrates,” Nano Letters, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 97–100, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Uchida, M. Tomiha, N. Masaki, A. Miyazawa, and H. Takizawa, “Preparation of TiO2 nanocrystalline electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells by 28 GHz microwave irradiation,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 135–139, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. Mincuzzi, L. Vesce, M. Liberatore, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, and T. M. Brown, “Laser-sintered TiO2 films for dye solar cell fabrication: an electrical, morphological, and electron lifetime investigation,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 3179–3188, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Kim, R. Auyeung, M. Ollinger, G. Kushto, Z. Kafafi, and A. Piqué, “Laser-sintered mesoporous TiO2 electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Applied Physics A, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 73–76, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  10. H. Pan, D. Lee, S. H. Ko, C. P. Grigoropoulos, H. K. Park, and T. Hoult, “Fiber laser annealing of indium-tin-oxide nanoparticles for large area transparent conductive layers and optical film characterization,” Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 29–38, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Pan, S. H. Ko, N. Misra, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Laser annealed composite titanium dioxide electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells on glass and plastics,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94, no. 7, Article ID 071117, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Mincuzzi, L. Vesce, A. Reale, A. di Carlo, and T. M. Brown, “Efficient sintering of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide films for dye solar cells via raster scanning laser,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, no. 10, Article ID 103312, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Mincuzzi, M. Schulz-Ruhtenberg, L. Vesce et al., “Laser processing of TiO2 films for dye solar cells: a thermal, sintering, throughput and embodied energy investigation,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 308–317, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Y. Jin, J. Y. Kim, J. A. Lee et al., “Rapid sintering of TiO2 photoelectrodes using intense pulsed white light for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 14, Article ID 143902, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Watson, I. Mabbett, H. Wang, L. Peter, and D. Worsley, “Ultrafast near infrared sintering of TiO2 layers on metal substrates for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 482–486, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. J. Carnie, C. Charbonneau, P. R. F. Barnes et al., “Ultra-fast sintered TiO2 films in dye-sensitized solar cells: phase variation, electron transport and recombination,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 2225–2230, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Cherrington, T. C. Claypole, D. Deganello, I. Mabbett, T. Watson, and D. Worsley, “Ultrafast near-infrared sintering of a slot-die coated nano-silver conducting ink,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 21, no. 21, pp. 7562–7564, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Charbonneau, K. Hooper, M. Carnie et al., “Rapid radiative platinisation for dye-sensitised solar cell counter electrodes,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Ito, N.-L. C. Ha, G. Rothenberger et al., “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chemical Communications, no. 38, pp. 4004–4006, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. R. F. Barnes, K. Miettunen, X. Li et al., “Interpretation of optoelectronic transient and charge extraction measurements in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Advanced Materials, vol. 25, no. 13, pp. 1881–1922, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. G. Gordon, “Criteria for choosing transparent conductors,” MRS Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 52–57, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus