Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2015, Article ID 183468, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/183468
Research Article

Synthesis of CuO/Co3O4 Coaxial Heterostructures for Efficient and Recycling Photodegradation

1School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
2Tianjin Key Laboratory of Composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin 300072, China

Received 16 September 2015; Revised 2 November 2015; Accepted 4 November 2015

Academic Editor: Wanjun Wang

Copyright © 2015 R. X. Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. K. Konstantinou and T. A. Albanis, “TiO2-assisted photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous solution: kinetic and mechanistic investigations: a review,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Tong, S. Ouyang, Y. Bi, N. Umezawa, M. Oshikiri, and J. Ye, “Nano-photocatalytic materials: possibilities and challenges,” Advanced Materials, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 229–251, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Houas, H. Lachheb, M. Ksibi, E. Elaloui, C. Guillard, and J.-M. Herrmann, “Photocatalytic degradation pathway of methylene blue in water,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 145–157, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Sakthivel, B. Neppolian, M. V. Shankar, B. Arabindoo, M. Palanichamy, and V. Murugesan, “Solar photocatalytic degradation of azo dye: comparison of photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO and TiO2,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 65–82, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Daneshvar, D. Salari, and A. R. Khataee, “Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye acid red 14 in water on ZnO as an alternative catalyst to TiO2,” Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology A Chemistry, vol. 162, no. 2-3, pp. 317–322, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S.-M. Lam, J.-C. Sin, A. Z. Abdullah, and A. R. Mohamed, “Degradation of wastewaters containing organic dyes photocatalysed by zinc oxide: a review,” Desalination & Water Treatment, vol. 41, no. 1–3, pp. 131–169, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. N. Chong, B. Jin, C. W. K. Chow, and C. Saint, “Recent developments in photocatalytic water treatment technology: a review,” Water Research, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 2997–3027, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. N. Tan, C. L. Wong, and A. R. Mohamed, “An overview on the photocatalytic activity of nano-doped-TiO2 in the degradation of organic pollutants,” ISRN Materials Science, vol. 2011, Article ID 261219, 18 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. Y. Zhang, M. K. Ram, E. K. Stefanakos, and D. Y. Goswami, “Synthesis, characterization, and applications of ZnO nanowires,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, Article ID 624520, 22 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Ahmed, M. G. Rasul, W. N. Martens, R. Brown, and M. A. Hashib, “Heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of phenols in wastewater: a review on current status and developments,” Desalination, vol. 261, no. 1-2, pp. 3–18, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Chen, Z. Li, J. Yang, Q. Sun, and S. Dou, “Aqueous preparation of surfactant-free copper selenide nanowires,” Journal of Colloid & Interface Science, vol. 442, pp. 140–146, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Dong, X. Xiao, G. Chen, H. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Synthesis and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue over p-n junction Co3O4/ZnO core/shell nanorods,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 155, pp. 1–8, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Lee and K. Yong, “Highly efficient visible light photocatalysis of novel CuS/ZnO heterostructure nanowire arrays,” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 19, Article ID 194014, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Fu, X. Li, and W. Li, “2D double-layer-tube-shaped structure Bi2S3/ZnS heterojunction with enhanced photocatalytic activities,” Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol. 474, pp. 81–89, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Zhang, T. Wang, X. Yu, H. Zhang, H. Duan, and B. Lu, “Nanoforest of hierarchical Co3O4@NiCo2O4 nanowire arrays for high-performance supercapacitors,” Nano Energy, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 586–594, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Wang, D. Ma, X. Huang, Y. Huang, and X. Zhang, “General and controllable synthesis strategy of metal oxide/TiO2 hierarchical heterostructures with improved lithium-ion battery performance,” Scientific Reports, vol. 2, article 701, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. W. Zhou, C. Cheng, J. Liu et al., “Epitaxial growth of branched α-Fe2O3/SnO2 nano-heterostructures with improved lithium-ion battery performance,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 2439–2445, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. X. Xia, J. Tu, Y. Zhang et al., “Porous hydroxide nanosheets on preformed nanowires by electrodeposition: branched nanoarrays for electrochemical energy storage,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 24, no. 19, pp. 3793–3799, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Mema, L. Yuan, Q. Du, Y. Wang, and G. Zhou, “Effect of surface stresses on CuO nanowire growth in the thermal oxidation of copper,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 512, no. 1–3, pp. 87–91, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Raksa, A. Gardchareon, T. Chairuangsri, P. Mangkorntong, N. Mangkorntong, and S. Choopun, “Ethanol sensing properties of CuO nanowires prepared by an oxidation reaction,” Ceramics International, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 649–652, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. Wu, Y. Myung, and P. Banerjee, “Unravelling transient phases during thermal oxidation of copper for dense CuO nanowire growth,” CrystEngComm, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 3264–3267, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Q. Liang, Z. D. Cui, S. L. Zhu et al., “Design of a highly sensitive ethanol sensor using a nano-coaxial p-Co3O4/n-TiO2 heterojunction synthesized at low temperature,” Nanoscale, vol. 5, no. 22, pp. 10916–10926, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. F. Wu, X. Ma, J. Feng, Y. Qian, and S. Xiong, “3D Co3O4 and CoO@C wall arrays: morphology control, formation mechanism, and lithium-storage properties,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 30, pp. 11597–11605, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Jiang, T. Herricks, and Y. Xia, “CuO nanowires can be synthesized by heating copper substrates in air,” Nano Letters, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 1333–1338, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. Chen, G. Shen, K. Tang, and Y. Qian, “Large-scale synthesis of CuO shuttle-like crystals via a convenient hydrothermal decomposition route,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 254, no. 1-2, pp. 225–228, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. P. Volanti, D. Keyson, L. S. Cavalcante et al., “Synthesis and characterization of CuO flower-nanostructure processing by a domestic hydrothermal microwave,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 459, no. 1-2, pp. 537–542, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. F. Xu, W. Ji, Z. X. Shen et al., “Preparation and characterization of CuO nanocrystals,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 516–519, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Santamaria, G. Conigliaro, F. Di Franco, and F. Di Quarto, “Photoelectrochemical evidence of Cu2O/TiO2 nanotubes hetero-junctions formation and their physicochemical characterization,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 144, pp. 315–323, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Bian, W. Liang, J. Zhang, and B. Yu, “Structure, morphology and photocatalytic activity of Cu2O/Pt/TiO2 three-layered nanocomposite films,” Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 26–32, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Deng, X. Xiao, X. Xing, J. Wu, W. Wen, and Y. Wang, “Structure and catalytic activity of 3D macro/mesoporous Co3O4 for CO oxidation prepared by a facile self-sustained decomposition of metal–organic complexes,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, vol. 398, pp. 79–85, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. Zhou, J. Liu, P. Wen, Y. Hu, and Z. Gui, “Morphology-controlled synthesis of Co3O4 by one step template-free hydrothermal method,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 67, pp. 87–93, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. T. Cai, H. Huang, W. Deng, Q. Dai, W. Liu, and X. Wang, “Catalytic combustion of 1,2-dichlorobenzene at low temperature over Mn-modified Co3O4 catalysts,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 166-167, pp. 393–405, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Khalil, C. Eid, M. Bechelany, N. Abboud, A. Khoury, and P. Miele, “Design of CoFe2O4/Co3O4 nanofibers with tunable morphology by Electrospinning,” Materials Letters, vol. 140, pp. 27–30, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. U. Arellano, J. M. Shen, J. A. Wang et al., “Dibenzothiophene oxidation in a model diesel fuel using CuO/GC catalysts and H2O2 in the presence of acetic acid under acidic condition,” Fuel, vol. 149, pp. 15–25, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. Y. Wang, F. Qu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Zhou, and S. Ruan, “Enhanced H2S sensing characteristics of CuO-NiO core-shell microspheres sensors,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 209, pp. 515–523, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. C. Vanithakumari, S. L. Shinde, and K. K. Nanda, “Controlled synthesis of CuO nanostructures on Cu foil, rod and grid,” Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, vol. 176, no. 8, pp. 669–678, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. Xu and H. C. Zeng, “Self-generation of tiered surfactant superstructures for one-pot synthesis of Co3O4 nanocubes and their close-and non-close-packed organizations,” Langmuir, vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 9780–9790, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. J. Yang, H. Liu, W. N. Martens, and R. L. Frost, “Synthesis and characterization of cobalt hydroxide, cobalt oxyhydroxide, and cobalt oxide nanodiscs,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 111–119, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. W. Zhang, Y. Li, S. Zhu, and F. Wang, “Influence of argon flow rate on TiO2 photocatalyst film deposited by dc reactive magnetron sputtering,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 182, no. 2-3, pp. 192–198, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Long, W. Cai, J. Cai, B. Zhou, X. Chai, and Y. Wu, “Efficient photocatalytic degradation of phenol over Co3O4/BiVO4 composite under visible light irradiation,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 110, no. 41, pp. 20211–20216, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. B. J. Hansen, N. Kouklin, G. Lu, I.-K. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Transport, analyte detection, and opto-electronic response of p-type CuO nanowires,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 6, pp. 2440–2447, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Y. Sun, J.-Y. Yang, R. Xu, L. He, R.-F. Dou, and J.-C. Nie, “Evidence for surface states in a single 3 nm diameter Co3O4 nanowire,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, no. 26, Article ID 262106, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. İ. Y. Erdoğan and Ö. Güllü, “Optical and structural properties of CuO nanofilm: its diode application,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 492, no. 1-2, pp. 378–383, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. Y. Wang, T. Jiang, D. Meng, H. Jin, and M. Yu, “Controllable fabrication of nanowire-like CuO film by anodization and its properties,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 349, pp. 636–643, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. B. Toboonsunga and P. Singjaia, “Formation of CuO nanorods and their bundles by an electrochemical dissolution and deposition process,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 10, pp. 4132–4137, 2011. View at Google Scholar