Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2015, Article ID 273615, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/273615
Research Article

Influence of Surface Morphology on the Effective Lifetime and Performance of Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cell

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Dayeh University, Changhua 515, Taiwan
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
3School of Software and Microelectronics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
4Graduate Institute of Precision Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
5Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MingDao University, Changhua 52354, Taiwan

Received 25 July 2014; Revised 22 October 2014; Accepted 23 November 2014

Academic Editor: Harald Hoppe

Copyright © 2015 Shui-Yang Lien et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Taguchi, A. Yano, S. Tohoda et al., “24.7% record efficiency HIT solar cell on thin silicon wafer,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 96–99, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Mishima, M. Taguchi, H. Sakata, and E. Maruyama, “Development status of high-efficiency HIT solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 18–21, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Tsunomura, Y. Yoshimine, M. Taguchi et al., “Twenty-two percent efficiency HIT solar cell,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 93, no. 6-7, pp. 670–673, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. Korte, E. Conrad, H. Angermann, R. Stangl, and M. Schmidt, “Advances in a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cell fabrication and characterization,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 93, no. 6-7, pp. 905–910, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Tohoda, D. Fujishima, A. Yano et al., “Future directions for higher-efficiency HIT solar cells using a thin silicon wafer,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 358, no. 17, pp. 2219–2222, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Datta, M. Rahmouni, M. Nath et al., “Insights gained from computer modeling of heterojunction with instrinsic thin layer “HIT” solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. 1457–1462, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Zhang, A. Tavakoliyaraki, Y. Wu, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, and M. Zemana, “Influence of ITO deposition and post annealing on HIT solar cell structures,” Energy Procedia, vol. 8, pp. 207–213, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. Edwards, S. Bowden, U. Das, and M. Burrows, “Effect of texturing and surface preparation on lifetime and cell performance in heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 92, no. 11, pp. 1373–1377, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Rosa, M. Allegrezza, M. Canino, C. Summonte, and A. Desalvo, “TMAH-textured, a-Si/c-Si, heterojunction solar cells with 10% reflectance,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 11, pp. 2987–2993, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Yang, M. A. Green, A. Ho-Baillie, H. Kampwerth, S. Pillai, and H. Mehrvarz, “Characterization of 2-D reflection pattern from textured front surfaces of silicon solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 115, pp. 42–51, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. K. Basu, D. Sarangi, K. D. Shetty, and M. B. Boreland, “Liquid silicate additive for alkaline texturing of mono-Si wafers to improve process bath lifetime and reduce IPA consumption,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 113, pp. 37–43, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Park, S. Kwon, J. S. Lee, H. J. Lim, S. Yoon, and D. Kim, “Improvement on surface texturing of single crystalline silicon for solar cells by saw-damage etching using an acidic solution,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 93, no. 10, pp. 1773–1778, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Schmidt, L. Korte, A. Laades et al., “Physical aspects of a-Si:H/c-Si hetero-junction solar cells,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 515, no. 19, pp. 7475–7480, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. R. Page, E. Iwaniczko, Y. Xu et al., “Well passivated a-Si:H back contacts for double-heterojunction silicon solar cells,” in Proceedings of the 4th IEEE World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, vol. 2, pp. 1485–1488, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, May 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Iencinella, E. Centurioni, R. Rizzoli, and F. Zignani, “An optimized texturing process for silicon solar cell substrates using TMAH,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 87, pp. 725–732, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Stegemann, J. Kegel, M. Mews et al., “Evolution of the charge carrier lifetime characteristics in crystalline silicon wafers during processing of heterojunction solar cells,” Energy Procedia, vol. 55, pp. 219–228, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Kegel, H. Angermann, U. Stürzebecher et al., “Over 20% conversion efficiency on silicon heterojunction solar cells by IPA-free substrate texturization,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 301, pp. 56–62, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Deligiannis, S. Alivizatos, A. Ingenito et al., “Wet-chemical treatment for improved surface passivation of textured silicon heterojunction solar cells,” Energy Procedia, vol. 55, pp. 197–202, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. G. Li, Y. Zhou, and F. Liu, “Influence of textured c-Si surface morphology on the interfacial properties of heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 358, no. 17, pp. 2223–2226, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Murias, C. Reyes-Betanzo, M. Moreno et al., “Black Silicon formation using dry etching for solar cells applications,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 177, no. 16, pp. 1509–1513, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Park, S. Kwon, J. S. Lee, H. J. Lim, S. Yoon, and D. Kim, “Improvement on surface texturing of single crystalline silicon for solar cells by saw-damage etching using an acidic solution,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 93, no. 10, pp. 1773–1778, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S.-Y. Lien, Y.-C. Chang, Y.-S. Cho, Y.-Y. Chang, and S.-J. Lee, “Deposition and characterization of high-efficiency silicon thin-film solar cells by HF-PECVD and OES technology,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 1245–1254, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Wang, F. Wang, X. Zhang et al., “Improving efficiency of silicon heterojunction solar cells by surface texturing of silicon wafers using tetramethylammonium hydroxide,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 268, pp. 619–624, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. U. K. Das, M. Z. Burrows, M. Lu, S. Bowden, and R. W. Birkmire, “Surface passivation and heterojunction cells on Si (100) and (111) wafers using dc and rf plasma deposited Si:H thin films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, no. 6, Article ID 063504, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Yan, S. Swaraj, C. Wang et al., “Influence of annealing and interfacial roughness on the performance of bilayer donor/acceptor polymer photovoltaic devices,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 4329–4337, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Sopori, P. Rupnowski, J. Appel, and D. Guhabiswas, “Light-induced passivation of Si by iodine ethanol solution,” in Proceedings of the Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, NREL/CP-520-44999, 2009.
  27. S. Kim, V. A. Dao, C. Shin et al., “Low defect interface study of intrinsic layer for c-Si surface passivation in a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 521, pp. 45–49, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Coignusa, M. Baudrita, J. Singer, R. Lachaume, D. Muñoz, and P. Thony, “Key issues for accurate simulation of a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells,” Energy Procedia, vol. 8, pp. 174–179, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. L. Zhao, H. L. Li, C. L. Zhou, H. W. Diao, and W. J. Wang, “Optimized resistivity of p-type Si substrate for HIT solar cell with Al back surface field by computer simulation,” Solar Energy, vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 812–816, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. H. Vishkasougheh and B. Tunaboylu, “Simulation of high efficiency silicon solar cells with a hetero-junction microcrystalline intrinsic thin layer,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 72, pp. 141–146, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J.-Y. Jung, Z. Guo, S.-W. Jee et al., “A waferscale Si wire solar cell using radial and bulk p-n junctions,” Nanotechnology, vol. 21, no. 44, Article ID 445303, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus