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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2016, Article ID 5410759, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5410759
Research Article

Design and Implementation of Automatic Wheat Mower Based on Smart Sensor Fed by a Photovoltaic

1Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Firat University, 23119 Elazig, Turkey
2Department of Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Cumhuriyet University, 58100 Sivas, Turkey
3Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Cumhuriyet University, 58100 Sivas, Turkey

Received 4 August 2015; Revised 19 November 2015; Accepted 30 November 2015

Academic Editor: Clito Afonso

Copyright © 2016 Hikmet Esen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The biggest problems of our time are environmental pollution and the reduction of fossil fuel resources. In recent years, photovoltaic (PV) has started to be used efficiently in order to produce electrical energy from solar energy throughout the world. In this study, a wheat mover machine taking its energy with PV technology transformation from the sun was designed supported by smart sensors. The designed vehicle was tested in two wheat fields in Sivas in Turkey. It was seen that daily average sunshine rates were not lower than 700 Watt/m2 during the testing dates and time. The amounts of electrical charge used to mow 5 m2 and 50 m2 areas are obtained as 500 mAh and 3395 mAh, respectively. Also maximum power is calculated from used PV panel as 26.15 Watt during the day of the experiments. The range of solar radiation intensity is found 4.5 kWh/m2/day at the studied kWh which was 0.140 USD on the date of November 2015. This system is 94.5% more economic than conventional mowers over an area of 1000 m2.