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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5917028, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5917028
Research Article

Temperature Regulation of Photovoltaic Module Using Phase Change Material: A Numerical Analysis and Experimental Investigation

1Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50670, Malaysia
2Institute of Micro and Nanomaterials, University of Ulm, Helmholtzstraße 18, 89081 Ulm, Germany

Received 29 December 2015; Accepted 26 April 2016

Academic Editor: Wilfried G. J. H. M. Van Sark

Copyright © 2016 Hasan Mahamudul et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This work represents an effective design of a temperature regulated PV module by integrating phase change materials for Malaysian weather condition. Through the numerical analysis and experimental investigation it has been shown that if a PCM layer of width 0.02 m of RT 35 is used as a cooling arrangement with a PV module, the surface temperature of the module is reduced by 10°C, which remains constant for a period of 4–6 hours. This reduction of temperature implies the increase in conversion efficiency of the module. Experiment as well as investigation has been carried out considering typical Malaysian weather. Obtained result has been validated by using experimental prototype and comparative analysis.