International Journal of Photoenergy / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Performance Analysis of Photovoltaic Water Heating System

Table 2

Climate characteristics for selected locations.

LocationAverage ambient temperature
[°C]
Total irradiation
horizontal
[kWh/m2.a]
Total irradiation south,
tilted 45°
[kWh/m2.a]
Beam irradiation south,
tilted 45°
[kWh/m2.a]

Madrid (ES)13.9166218641163
Istanbul (TR)14.1162718051088
Athens (GR)17.615621696914
Genova (IT)15.814471637944
Bordeaux (FR)12.712701448744
Milano (IT)11.611881342657
Zurich (CH)9.111051237585
Prague (CZ)7.99981115487
Stockholm (SE)5.39801232687

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