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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9459531, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9459531
Research Article

Determination of Performance Measuring Parameters of an Improved Dual Paraboloid Solar Cooker

1US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
2Faculty of Engineering Sciences, PNEC, National University of Sciences & Technology, Islamabad, H.I. Rahamatullah Road, Karachi 75350, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Suhail Zaki Farooqui; moc.liamtoh@ikazusrd

Received 9 May 2017; Revised 15 June 2017; Accepted 20 June 2017; Published 7 August 2017

Academic Editor: Xinhai Xu

Copyright © 2017 Suhail Zaki Farooqui. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An experimental investigation into the performance evaluation of an improved dual reflector foldable paraboloid solar cooker has been reported, along with its energy and exergy analysis. The best attribute of this lightweight and low-cost solar cooker is its high performance coupled with the ease of handling. The cooker utilizes two paraboloid reflectors made out of Mylar-coated fiberglass dishes, each having a diameter of 90 cm and focal length of 105 cm. The total intercepted radiation energy is 1.08 kW under standard test conditions. Stagnation temperatures of up to 330°C and cooking temperatures of up to 290°C have been attained with load. Altogether, 9 experiments have been performed with and without load. Loaded tests have been conducted with water and vegetable oil. Results indicate an average cooking power of 485 W, peak exergy gain of 60.53 W, quality factor of 0.077, and a high product of temperature difference gap at half peak power to peak power of 4364.33 W·K. The maximum exergy output power attained was 70 W, while maximum exergy efficiency was 8–10%. All performance measuring parameters indicate that it is a high performance solar cooker for rural and urban communities and is suitable for all types of oil- and water-based cooking.