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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 5759034, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5759034
Research Article

Small-Sized Parabolic Trough Collector System for Solar Dehumidification Application: Design, Development, and Potential Assessment

1University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan
2Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur, 10250 AJK, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Ghulam Qadar Chaudhary; moc.liamtoh@yrahduahc.qg

Received 19 August 2017; Revised 13 November 2017; Accepted 27 November 2017; Published 21 February 2018

Academic Editor: Gabriele Battista

Copyright © 2018 Ghulam Qadar Chaudhary et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The current study presents a numerical and real-time performance analysis of a parabolic trough collector (PTC) system designed for solar air-conditioning applications. Initially, a thermodynamic model of PTC is developed using engineering equation solver (EES) having a capacity of around 3 kW. Then, an experimental PTC system setup is established with a concentration ratio of 9.93 using evacuated tube receivers. The experimental study is conducted under the climate of Taxila, Pakistan in accordance with ASHRAE 93-1986 standard. Furthermore, PTC system is integrated with a solid desiccant dehumidifier (SDD) to study the effect of various operating parameters such as direct solar radiation and inlet fluid temperature and its impact on dehumidification share. The experimental maximum temperature gain is around 5.2°C, with the peak efficiency of 62% on a sunny day. Similarly, maximum thermal energy gain on sunny and cloudy days is 3.07 kW and 2.33 kW, respectively. Afterwards, same comprehensive EES model of PTC with some modifications is used for annual transient analysis in TRNSYS for five different climates of Pakistan. Quetta revealed peak solar insolation of 656 W/m2 and peak thermal energy 1139 MJ with 46% efficiency. The comparison shows good agreement between simulated and experimental results with root mean square error of around 9%.