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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2019, Article ID 3725364, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3725364
Research Article

Experimental Investigation on a Thermoelectric Cooler for Thermal Management of a Lithium-Ion Battery Module

School of Materials and Energy, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xinxi Li; moc.361@xxldkp

Received 29 August 2018; Accepted 16 October 2018; Published 11 February 2019

Academic Editor: Joaquim Carneiro

Copyright © 2019 Xinxi Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) powered by lithium batteries, which are a promising type of green transportation, have attracted much attention in recent years. In this study, a thermoelectric generator (TEG) coupled with forced convection (F-C) was designed as an effective and feasible cooling system for a battery thermal management system. A comparison of natural convection cooling, F-C cooling, and TEG cooling reveals that the TEG is the best cooling system. Specifically, this system can decrease the temperature by 16.44% at the discharge rate of 3C. The coupled TEG and F-C cooling system can significantly control temperature at a relatively high discharge rate. This system not only can decrease the temperature of the battery module promptly but also can reduce the energy consumption compared with the two other TEG-based cooling systems. These results are expected to supply an effective basis of the design and optimization of battery thermal management systems to improve the reliability and safety performance of EVs.