Table 1: Efficiency values of different PV modules.

Type of PV moduleModule efficiency at STC (%)

Monocrystalline silicon (mo-c-Si)15-26
Polycrystalline silicon (po-c-Si)11-22.3
Copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS)10-19.2
Cadmium telluride (CdTe)9-22.1
Amorphous silicon (a-Si)5-11.9
Heterojunction (HIT)18-20
Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC)2.9-11.9
Organic photovoltaic (OPV)4-11.2
Micromorph silicon (a-Si/μc-Si)8-10

Sources: Yamawaki et al. [53]; Maturi et al. [54]; Debbarma et al. [42]; Green et al. [55].