Table 6: Means (standard deviations) for country comparisons of corporal punishment use and beliefs.

ChinaColombiaItalyJordanKenyaPhilippinesSwedenThailandU.S.A.F

Mother reports
 Proportion used mild cp  in last month.16 (.25).26 (.31).26 (.28).33 (.33).43 (.32).31 (.31).01 (.06).21 (.25).12 (.20)
 Proportion used severe  cp in last month.04 (.15).03 (.14).07 (.17).12 (.25).31 (.37).04 (.13).00 (.00).02 (.10).04 (.19)
 Proportion believe  necessary to use cp.25 (.43).16 (.37).05 (.21).07 (.26).49 (.50).16 (.37).00 (.00).13 (.34).15 (.36)
 Frequency spank, slap,  hit in last year1.85 (.92)2.07 (1.15)2.22 (1.17)2.54 (1.21)3.36 (.86)2.36 (1.20)1.03 (.17)1.80 (.92)1.86 (.96)
 Frequency grab or shake  in last year1.41 (.74)1.90 (1.11)2.09 (1.21)2.39 (1.46)1.84 (1.12)1.79 (1.06)1.39 (.65)1.24 (.52)1.30 (.70)

Father reports
 Proportion used mild cp  in last month.13 (.21).21 (.30).18 (.26).28 (.31).47 (.35).27 (.28).01 (.05).18 (.25).09 (.18)
 Proportion used severe  cp in last month.04 (.14).03 (.12).03 (.12).07 (.20).25 (.34).01 (.05).00 (.00).00 (.00).01 (.12)
 Proportion believe  necessary to use cp.26 (.44).11 (.32).03 (.17).09 (.29).50 (.50).16 (.37).00 (.00).16 (.37).13 (.34)
 Frequency spank, slap,  hit in last year1.66 (.80)1.75 (.98)1.78 (.94)2.20 (1.09)2.85 (.97)2.15 (1.16)1.03 (.16)1.65 (.95)1.60 (.81)
 Frequency grab or shake  in last year1.45 (.75)1.56 (.87)1.79 (1.01)2.33 (1.38)1.85 (1.22)1.65 (1.09)1.51 (.75)1.26 (.69)1.28 (.68)

Child reports
 Frequency mother  spank, slap, hit in last  year1.56 (.94)1.92 (1.20)2.14 (1.37)2.61 (1.22)3.64 (.91)2.31 (1.31)1.10 (.54)1.86 (1.21)1.83 (1.15)
 Frequency mother grab  or shake in last year1.18 (.62)1.26 (.75)1.56 (1.12)2.18 (1.41)1.50 (.97)1.79 (1.23)1.45 (.95)1.47 (1.03)1.44 (.96)
 Frequency father spank,  slap, hit in last year1.62 (.93)1.72 (1.11)1.96 (1.23)2.20 (1.13)3.06 (1.05)2.30 (1.35)1.14 (.57)1.90 (1.28)1.72 (1.09)
 Frequency father grab or  shake in last year1.26 (.64)1.21 (.61)1.58 (1.13)2.08 (1.24)1.33 (.67)1.63 (1.12)1.61 (1.11)1.36 (.93)1.43 (.92)


Note. Values are means, standard deviations, and F statistics from multivariate analyses of variance. Frequency of corporal punishment was rated as 1 never, 2 less than once a month, 3 about once a month, 4 about once a week, and 5 almost every day. Post-hoc pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni corrections for multiple comparisons showed that means designated with differ significantly from , differ from , differ from , differ from , differ from , differ from , differ from , and differ from .