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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2011, Article ID 584589, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/584589
Research Article

Ill Effects of Smoking: Baseline Knowledge among School Children and Implementation of the “AntE Tobacco” Project

1Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine Houston and Texas A&M University, 613 Elizabeth Street, Suite 813, Corpus Christi, TX 78404, USA
2Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas, 4301 West Markhan Street, Suite 555, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
3Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, 6300 Ocean Drive, Unit 5827, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA
4Pulmonary Associates of Corpus Christi, 613 Elizabeth Street, Suite 813, Corpus Christi, TX 78404, USA
5Department of Medicine-Chronic Disease, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
6Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 1709 Dryden Road, Suite 9.70, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Received 24 June 2010; Revised 6 January 2011; Accepted 19 January 2011

Academic Editor: Thomas C. Hulsey

Copyright © 2011 Salim Surani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Cigarette smoking contributes to the deaths of more than 400,000 Americans annually. Each day >3,000 children and adolescents become regular smokers. This paper details a new antitobacco educational program titled “AntE Tobacco” Method. Children in grades 1–3 were administered a 10-item questionnaire to ascertain their baseline knowledge about the ill effects of smoking, shown an educational cartoon video depicting the ill effects of tobacco, and given a story book based on the video. At the end of video, children were administered a questionnaire to determine short-term recall of the antitobacco educational objectives of the program. Four to 6 weeks later, the children were then administered a follow-up survey to determine long-term retention of the anti tobacco educational program. Result. Eighty two percent of the children answered the outcome questions correctly immediately following the video. At follow-up, 4–6 weeks later, 83% of children answered all questions correctly. Conclusion. The anti tobacco education program used in this study effectively conveyed most of the educational objectives. The results of this study indicate that a multimedia (i.e., video and book) educational program can be used to educate and reinforce anti tobacco messages. This program may be very useful as a part of a comprehensive anti tobacco curriculum in school systems.