Table 3: Summary of outcomes measures used in the selected studies according to ICF-CY domain (clinically significant changes in bold).

Study
First authorFragala-PinkhamThorpeFragala-PinkhamRetarekarBallazKelly
Year200820052009200920102009
Reference no.[7][9][10][11][17][18]

Outcome
Body functionYesYesYesYesYesYes
Muscle strengthEEI
Muscle strength,
gait velocity
EEI,
muscle strength
(MMT, HHD),
ROM,
pain scale
Modified EEIEEI,
Muscle strength
(knee)
Gait
EEI
PedsQL-FS
ActivitiesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Half-mile walk/run, modified curl-ups,
FTS
3-meter test,
Mobility-PEDI
GMFM-88 (Dimension E)
TUG
GMFM-
(Dimension D)
FRT
GMFM-66
PEDI
FRT
Timed SLS
FTS
OGS
COPM
GMFM-66
6MWT
PAQ
GMFM-88
(Dimension D & E)
COPM
ParticipationYesYes
SPS for children and the SPS for AdolescentsCOPM

COPM: Canadian occupational performance measure, EEI: energy expenditure index, FRT: functional reach test, FTS: floor to stand, GMFM: gross motor function measure, HHD: hand-held dynamometer, MMT: manual muscle testing, OGS: observational gait scale, PAQ: physical activity questionnaire, PEDI: pediatric evaluation of disability inventory, PedsQL-FS: pediatric quality of life multidimensional fatigue scale, ROM: range of motion, SLS: single limb stance, SPS: self-perception scale, TUG: timed up and go test, 6MWT: 6-minute walk test.