International Journal of Pediatrics / 2011 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Bacterial Isolates and Antibiotic Sensitivity among Gambian Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition

Table 3

Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with bacteraemia.

CharacteristicUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
OR for bacteraemia (95% CI)P aAdjusted OR for bacteraemiab (95% CI)P a

Sex: ( 𝑛 = 1 1 7 )
 Male 63 (53.8%)1.01.0
 Female 54 (46.2%)2.6 (0.84, 8.27)0.091.670.35
60
Age: (n = 117)
 <12 months 22 (18.8%)1.09 (0.28, 4.25)0.891.0
 ≥12 months 95 (81.2%)1.091.05 (0.27, 4.05)0.94
6
History of cough: (n = 117)
 Yes 106 (90.6%)10.62 (1.34, 83.9)0.021.80 (0.52, 6.18)0.35
 No 11 (9.4%)1.051.01
Chronic cough: (n = 70)
 ≤30 days 59 (84.3%)1.0
 >30 days 11 (15.7%)2.8 (0.86, 11.4)0.15
1
History of diarrhoea: ( 𝑛 = 1 1 7 )
 Yes 81 (69.2%)0.87 (0.28, 2.77)0.81
 No 36 (30.8%)1.08
Persistent diarrhoea: ( 𝑛 = 8 0 )
 Yes 31 (38.7%)4.5 (1.06, 18.87)0.042.21 (0.75, 6.53)0.15
 No 49 (61.3%)1.011.01
History of vomiting: ( 𝑛 = 1 1 7 )
 Yes 70 (59.8%)5.13 (1.1, 23.92)0.035.78 (0.98, 33.99)0.05
 No 47 (40.2%)1.071.02
Hepatomegaly: ( 𝑛 = 1 1 7 )
 Yes 51 (43.6%)2.98 (0.95, 9.34)0.060.78 (0.25, 2.36)0.65
 No 66 (56.4%)1.021.06
Splenomegaly: ( 𝑛 = 1 1 7 )
 Yes 5 (4.3%)12.5 (1.89, 82.47)0.003.62 (0.25, 52.48)0.34
 No 112 (95.7%)1.091.05
Anaemia: [Hb < 8 g/dL] ( 𝑛 = 1 1 7 )
 Yes 25 (21.4%)4.08 (1.31, 12.70)0.013.41 (0.92, 12.64)0.06
 No 92 (78.6%)1.056
HIV positive: ( 𝑛 = 8 1 )
 Yes 24 (29.6%)1.21 (0.28, 5.31)0.79
 No 57 (70.4%)1.07
Malaria parasitaemia ( 𝑛 = 1 0 8 )
 Yes 4 (3.7%)2.56 (0.25, 26.58)0.43
 No 104 (96.3%)2
Axillary temperature ≥ 37.5°C ( 𝑛 = 1 1 5 )
 Yes 31 (27%)1.42 (0.44, 4.55)0.55
 No 84 (73%)1.02
White blood cell count ≥11 × 109/L
 Yes 46 (40%)0.81 (0.25, 2.60)0.72
 No 69 (60%)1.07

aChi-squared or Fisher’s exact test.
bAdjusted for all factors with a P value <0.1 in the univariate analysis.

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