Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 354060, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/354060
Research Article

Postnatal Growth Patterns in a Chilean Cohort: The Role of SES and Family Environment

1Division of Child Development and Community Health, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive No. 0927, La Jolla, CA 92093-0927, USA
2Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, El Líbano 5524, Santiago, Chile
3Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 300 North Ingalls, 10th Floor, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5406, USA

Received 15 December 2011; Revised 18 February 2012; Accepted 4 March 2012

Academic Editor: Tessa J. Roseboom

Copyright © 2012 D. E. Kang Sim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. S. Corbett and R. F. Drewett, “To what extent is failure to thrive in infancy associated with poorer cognitive development? A review and meta-analysis,” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 641–654, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. M. Emond, P. S. Blair, P. M. Emmett, and R. F. Drewett, “Weight faltering in infancy and IQ levels at 8 years in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, no. 4, pp. e1051–e1058, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. B. Belfort, S. L. Rifas-Shiman, J. Rich-Edwards, K. P. Kleinman, and M. W. Gillman, “Size at birth, infant growth, and blood pressure at three years of age,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 151, no. 6, pp. 670–674, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Botton, B. Heude, J. Maccario, P. Ducimetiere, and M. A. Charles, “Postnatal weight and height growth velocities at different ages between birth and 5 y and body composition in adolescent boys and girls,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 1760–1768, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Chomtho, J. C. K. Wells, J. E. Williams, P. S. W. Davies, A. Lucas, and M. S. Fewtrell, “Infant growth and later body composition: evidence from the 4-component model,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 1776–1784, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. U. Ekelund, K. Ong, Y. Linné et al., “Upward weight percentile crossing in infancy and early childhood independently predicts fat mass in young adults: the Stockholm Weight Development Study (SWEDES),” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 324–330, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Ben-Shlomo, A. McCarthy, R. Hughes, K. Tilling, D. Davies, and G. D. Smith, “Immediate postnatal growth is associated with blood pressure in young adulthood: the Barry Caerphilly Growth Study,” Hypertension, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 638–644, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Singhal, T. J. Cole, M. Fewtrell et al., “Promotion of faster weight gain in infants born small for gestational age: is there an adverse effect on later blood pressure?” Circulation, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 213–220, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. A. Subramanyam, I. Kawachi, L. F. Berkman, and S. V. Subramanian, “Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood undernutrition in India: analyzing trends between 1992 and 2005,” PLoS One, vol. 5, no. 6, Article ID e11392, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Ashworth, S. S. Morris, and P. I. C. Lira, “Postnatal growth patterns of full-term low birth weight infants in northeast Brazil are related to socioeconomic status,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 127, no. 10, pp. 1950–1956, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. S. Segre, M. W. O'Hara, S. Arndt, and S. Stuart, “The prevalence of postpartum depression: the relative significance of three social status indices,” Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 316–321, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  12. L. M. O'Brien, E. G. Heycock, M. Hanna, P. W. Jones, and J. L. Cox, “Postnatal depression and faltering growth: a community study,” Pediatrics I, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. 1242–1247, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. H. Hagen, H. C. Barrett, and M. E. Price, “Do human parents face a quantity-quality tradeoff?: evidence from a shuar community,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 130, no. 3, pp. 405–418, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. Fowler, “How adult/child ratios influence infant development,” Interchange, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 17–31, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. P. M. M. Wijlaars, L. Johnson, C. H. M. Van Jaarsveld, and J. Wardle, “Socioeconomic status and weight gain in early infancy,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 963–970, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Emond, R. Drewett, P. Blair, and P. Emmett, “Postnatal factors associated with failure to thrive in term infants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 115–119, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. H. Casey, B. Wortham, and R. Bradley, “Social and nonsocial home environments of infants with nonorganic failure-to-thrive,” Pediatrics, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 348–353, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. H. Bradley and B. M. Caldwell, “The HOME Inventory and family demographics,” Developmental Psychology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 315–320, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. C. McLoyd, N. L. Aikens, and L. M. Burton, “Childhood poverty, policy, and practice,” in Handbook of Child Psychology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  20. C. S. Tamis-LeMonda and R. Kahana-Kalman, “Mothers' views at the transition to a new baby: variation across ethnic groups,” Parenting, vol. 9, no. 1-2, pp. 36–55, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. D. Shannon, C. S. Tamis-LeMonda, and A. Margolin, “Father involvement in infancy: Influences of past and current relationships,” Infancy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 21–41, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. M. Black, J. J. Hutcheson, H. Dubowitz, and J. Berenson-Howard, “Parenting style and developmental status among children with nonorganic failure to thrive,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 689–707, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. G. Marmot, G. D. Smith, S. Stansfeld et al., “Health inequalities among British civil servants: the Whitehall II study,” The Lancet, vol. 337, no. 8754, pp. 1387–1393, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. A. Leon, G. D. Smith, M. Shipley, and D. Strachan, “Adult height and mortality in London: early life, socioeconomic confounding, or shrinkage?” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 5–9, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Cameron, “Human growth and development,” in Human Growth and Development, N. Cameron, Ed., Academic Press, London, UK, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  26. P. R. Hebert, J. W. Rich-Edwards, J. E. Manson et al., “Height and incidence of cardiovascular disease in male physicians,” Circulation I, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 1437–1443, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. D. Smith, C. Hart, M. Upton et al., “Height and risk of death among men and women: aetiological implications of associations with cardiorespiratory disease and cancer mortality,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 97–103, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Davey Smith, M. Shipley, and D. A. Leon, “Height and mortality from cancer among men: prospective observational study,” British Medical Journal, vol. 317, no. 7169, pp. 1351–1352, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Jousilahti, J. Tuomilehto, E. Vartiainen, J. Eriksson, and P. Puska, “Relation of adult height to cause-specific and total mortality: a prospective follow-up study of 3199 middle-aged men and women in Finland,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 151, no. 11, pp. 1112–1120, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. Whitley, R. M. Martin, G. D. Smith, J. M. Holly, and D. Gunnell, “The association of childhood height, leg length and other measures of skeletal growth with adult cardiovascular disease: the Boyd-Orr cohort,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 18–23, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  31. R. H. Bradley, D. J. Mundfrom, L. Whiteside, P. H. Casey, and K. Barrett, “A factor analytic study of the infant-toddler and early childhood versions of the HOME Inventory administered to white, black, and Hispanic American parents of children born preterm,” Child Development, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 880–888, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. Lozoff, I. de Andraca, M. Castillo, J. B. Smith, T. Walter, and P. Pino, “Behavioral and developmental effects of preventing iron-deficiency anemia in healthy full-term infants,” Pediatrics, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 846–854, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. T. G. Lohman, A. F. Roche, and R. Martorell, Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1988.
  34. M. Graffar, “Une methode de classification sociales d'echantillons de population,” Courrier, vol. 6, pp. 445–459, 1956. View at Google Scholar
  35. K. A. Crnic, M. T. Greenberg, A. S. Ragozin, N. M. Robinson, and R. B. Basham, “Effects of stress and social support on mothers and premature and full-term infants,” Child Development, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 209–217, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. I. G. Sarason, J. H. Johnson, and J. M. Siegel, “Assessing the impact of life changes: development of the life experiences survey,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 932–946, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. S. Radloff, “The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population,” Applied Psychological Measurement, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 385–401, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  38. V. Totsika and K. Sylva, “The home observation for measurement of the environment revisited,” Child and Adolescent Mental Health, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 25–35, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  39. M. L. A. de Hoog, M. van Eijsden, K. Stronks, R. J. B. J. Gemke, and T. G. M. Vrijkotte, “Overweight at age two years in a multi-ethnic cohort (ABCD study): the role of prenatal factors, birth outcomes and postnatal factors,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, article 611, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. Jiménez and M. I. Romero, “Reducing infant mortality in Chile: success in two phases,” Health Affairs, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 458–465, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. L. de Hoog, M. van Elijsden, K. Stronks, R. J. Gemke, and T. G. Vrijkotte, “The role of infant feeding practices in the explanation for ethnic differences in infant growth: the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 1592–1601, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  42. C. M. Wright, K. N. Parkinson, and R. F. Drewett, “The influence of maternal socioeconomic and emotional factors on infant weight gain and weight faltering (failure to thrive): data from a prospective birth cohort,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 312–317, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. F. Vio, C. Albala, and J. Kain, “Nutrition transition in Chile revisited: mid-term evaluation of obesity goals for the period 2000–2010,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 405–412, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. J. Baird, D. Fisher, P. Lucas, J. Kleijnen, H. Roberts, and C. Law, “Being big or growing fast: systematic review of size and growth in infancy and later obesity,” British Medical Journal, vol. 331, no. 7522, pp. 929–931, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. A. Larnkjær, L. Schack-Nielsen, C. Mølgaard, H. K. Ingstrup, J. J. Holst, and K. F. Michaelsen, “Effect of growth in infancy on body composition, insulin resistance, and concentration of appetite hormones in adolescence,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 1675–1683, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. J. Von Rosen-Von Hoewel, K. Laitinen, E. Martin-Bautista et al., “Obesity related programming statements in materials on infant feeding aimed at parents in five European countries,” Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 646, pp. 175–181, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. Imdad, M. Y. Yakoob, and Z. A. Bhutta, “Effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on breastfeeding rates, with special focus on developing countries,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, no. 3, article S24, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. Kain, C. Corvalán, L. Lera, M. Galván, and R. Uauy, “Accelerated growth in early life and obesity in preschool chilean children,” Obesity, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1603–1608, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus