International Journal of Pediatrics / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Factors Affecting the Weaning from Nasal CPAP in Preterm Neonates

Table 1

Demographic and clinical data of the study population.

Demographic/clinical characteristicFull cohort Nonintubated Intubated value
(%) (%) (%)

Male242 (53.3)179 (54.9)63 (49.2)0.29
Ethnicity
White133 (29.3)93 (28.5)40 (31.3)0.59
African Americans79 (17.4)58 (17.8)21 (16.4)
Hispanics108 (23.8)83 (25.5)25 (19.5)
Asians88 (19.4)63 (19.1)26 (20.3)
Multiracial 46 (10.1) 30 (9.2)16 (12.5)
Antenatal steroids361(79.5)257 (78.8)104 (81.3)0.56
Chorioamnionitis21 (4.6)14 (4.5)7 (5.5)0.58
Preeclampsia72 (15.9)54 (16.6)18 (14.1)0.50
Magnesium sulphate use203 (44.7)135 (41.1)68 (53.1)0.02
IUGR19 (4.2)13 (3.9)6 (4.7)0.74
Intubation128 (28.3)
Surfactant89 (19.6)0 (0)89 (69.5)
IVH69 (15.1)26 (8.0)43 (33.6)<0.001
PDA167 (36.9)19 (5.8)66 (51.6)<0.0001
Sepsis/NEC40 (8.8)20 (6.1)20 (15.6)<0.001
Anemia273 (80.1)150 (46.0)123 (96.0)<0.0001
Apnea100 (22.3)45 (13.8)55 (42.9)<0.0001
GE reflux29 (6.9)7 (2.1)22 (17.2)<0.001
BPD507 (2.1)43 (33.6)<0.001

Abbreviations: IUGR: intrauterine growth retardation, PDA: patent ductus arteriosus, IVH: intraventricular hemorhage, NEC: necrotizing enterocolitis, GE reflux: gastroesophageal reflux.

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